What is biomass densification and upgrading?
Agricultural residues and energy crops usually have irregular shapes and a low bulk density, resulting in loose harvest formats and a corresponding energy density that is lower than coal or corn grain. They also have high moisture content which can accelerate degradation during storage. These properties lead to:
Cooking with herbs can be a quick and simple way to add interesting flavors to foods without adding salt, sugar, or fat. The use of herbs in cooking has become more popular due to more herb selection and availability at grocery stores and farmers’ markets, along with an increase in home herb gardening.
The most common types of greens grown in Ohio include spinach, leaf lettuce, kale, endive, escarole, and leaves from mustard, turnip, beet, broccoli, dandelion, and collard plants. Greens are available in Ohio between April 15 and November 1.
Eggplant is native to South and Eastern Asia and is one of the most exotic of all vegetables in appearance, taste, and history. Until 100 years ago, it was grown in America primarily as an ornamental plant. Now eggplant is available nearly all year, peaking in Ohio from June to October.
Ohio grapes are grown for winemaking, juice (including juice made into jelly), and for eating. There are many grapes suitable for winemaking, including some varieties raised exclusively for that purpose. The Ohio grape variety most popular for purple grape juice is Concord, with Niagara grapes suitable for white grape juice. Table grapes include not only Niagara and Concord, but also the two popular seedless varieties, Himrod (green) and Reliance (red). Whether for wine or some other use, all grapes are suitable for fresh consumption.
Ohio melons can be divided into two groups—muskmelons and watermelons. Muskmelons include cantaloupe and honeydew.
For information on melon varieties in Ohio, contact your county educator in agriculture and natural resources at Ohio State University Extension, or a master gardener volunteer.
There are a multitude of reasons why grandparents (or, kinship caregivers) take on the role of full-time care of grandchildren (or, relative kin) (Taylor, Baugh, & Bates, 2016). Recently, the opioid drug epidemic has caused a new wave of grandparents to bravely and sometimes reluctantly take on the caregiving role.
Fresh sweet corn has long been an American favorite. In Ohio, the sweet corn season begins about July 1 and continues until the first frost in late September to early October.
For information on corn varieties in Ohio, contact your county educator in agriculture and natural resources at Ohio State University Extension, or a master gardener volunteer.
A native of Afghanistan, carrots are now grown extensively throughout the United States and are available year-round. A versatile vegetable, the shape of the carrot ranges from globular to elongated. While most often orange, carrots also come in a variety of colors from white to yellow to purple. Carrots are harvested in Ohio from July through September.
Cabbage was originally found growing wild on the seashore of Southern Europe, England, and Denmark. Some varieties of cabbage were known as far back as the early days of Greece. Other vegetables that have developed from the early strains of cabbage include Brussels sprouts, cauliflower, kale, and kohlrabi.