Whether it is through an ongoing, community-based Business Retention and Expansion (BRE) program or specific community needs-assessment, Cooperative Extension professionals maintain an awareness of community needs and draw on the research-based tools and resources available through the land-grant university system. This fact sheet provides an overview of specialized BRE approaches and programs available through Cooperative Extension.
In the soft red winter wheat growing regions of the eastern U.S., mid-winter warm temperatures accelerated wheat development, exposing wheat that transitioned to reproductive stages to cold temperatures during the late spring. Wheat plants can be damaged by frost (low temperatures cause damage but do not result in fully frozen tissue), freezing of the plant tissue, or a combination of both. The magnitude of freeze damage depends on: 1) temperature 2) duration of temperature 3 ) wheat growth stage.
Bed bugs have been well documented as pests since the 17th century, but evidence of their association with humans is found in archeological sites dating back nearly 3,500 years. They were introduced to the United States by the early colonists. Bed bugs were common in the United States prior to World War II, after which time widespread use of synthetic insecticides such as DDT greatly reduced their numbers.
Essential Components of non-GMO Weed Management
Plant non-GMO soybeans in fields with a history of several years of crop rotation and effective weed control that has prevented weed seed return to the soil and reduced weed populations.
Maintain a rotation where non-GMO soybeans are planted every four years, with two years of corn and one year of traited soybeans in between, or other crops as appropriate for the farm operation.
Applying pesticides requires a high level of skill and knowledge. Increases in the size and complexity of sprayers over the years require even more attention to efficiency, efficacy, and safety. Although each crop requires a slightly different approach to the application of pesticides, some general principles apply to almost all spraying situations.
The key to making data valuable to a farm is storing it in a location where it can be used (i.e., “actioned”) to generate information. Ensuring it can be shared with trusted advisors and others who can analyze it to develop recommendations and new insights into the farm operation will maximize the data’s value.
Data is nothing new to agriculture and, specifically, farming operations. Historically, hand-written notes have represented the data used by farmers to evaluate their operation and yield. With the arrival of precision agriculture (PA) in the early 1990s, however, farmers began using technology to collect site-specific, electronic data. As PA technology has evolved, internet connectivity and cloud technology have enhanced the access and portability of data collected on farm machinery and through mobile applications.
Digital technologies today are shaping how we do business and how we conduct our personal lives. Smart phones, iPads, tablets, and other devices are used daily by people of all ages around the globe. Precision agriculture (PA) technologies are also now common on farms. Farm machinery comes from the manufacturer with technologies already embedded including internet connection capabilities already installed. This abundance of technology is capable of collecting large volumes of data for a field.
Aging is a highly individualized experience and age-related changes occur at different rates for different people. The functional status between individuals of the same chronological age can be surprisingly different. Research suggests that some individuals report feeling up to 20 percent younger than their chronological age.
Osteoporosis means “porous bone.” It is a skeletal disease characterized by low bone mass and reduced bone strength, which leads to an increased risk of fractures and poor bone quality. Throughout one’s life, old bone tissue is constantly being broken down and new tissue is being built to replace it. Most people reach their “peak bone mass” around age 35, then very slowly start to lose bone mass faster than they can build it.