Ohio has large areas of soils that are too shallow for typical septic tank-leach field systems, which require 36 inches of suitable soil before hitting a limiting layer. Limiting layers are bedrock, sand, and gravel, dense and compacted layers, and water tables. About 53 percent of soils in Ohio have limiting layers at shallow depths that do not provide the 36 inches of suitable soil, as shown in Figure 1. In these areas, mound systems are often used to remove pollutants from wastewater to protect the public health and the environment.
Objective: To be able to demonstrate the safe use ladders that are used primarily for construction and/or maintenance jobs.
Read through the entire module prior to beginning the training session. Have ladders available to demonstrate the information about ladder safety. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To reduce hazards and prevent accidents involving machinery.
Have experienced workers assist in the training for this session. Use a common piece of equipment to briefly review the proper steps for checking a piece of machinery before operating it. Demonstrate maintenance procedures and operate equipment to show the hazard areas. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To gain familiarity with a first-aid kit.
Review location and contents of the kit prior to session. Check for outdated and/or missing items. Acquaint employees with the location and contents of the kit. Ask employees to suggest additional kit items. Invite a health care professional to participate in this session. Review the true or false quiz.
Traveling with young people can be a very rewarding experience. In order to be successful, chaperones must be prepared and understand proper policies and procedures. Additionally, chaperones must avoid generalizing to teen characteristics, understand the developmental needs of participants and think about how to create a youth-adult partnership throughout the experience (Curtis, 2015).
Objective: To be able to secure a vehicle or piece of equipment using the proper chock and block method.
To demonstrate the chock and block principles, have the training session in the farm shop or in the field. Give employees the opportunity to demonstrate how they would chock/block equipment if they were using it in the field or working on repairs in the shop. Review the true or false quiz.
A properly functioning septic system removes pollutants from wastewater, and with proper usage and maintenance, the system should work for decades, protecting public health and the environment. However, when a septic system malfunctions or fails, contamination can occur. Obvious signs that a septic system may not be operating properly include soft, smelly spots in the yard and sewage backing up into the home. Other failures are not always apparent, however, and can result in untreated wastewater contaminating streams, ditches, or groundwater.
Homes beyond the reach of a city sewer must treat and disperse wastewater on their lots. This household sewage treatment system requires regular care and maintenance just like other components of a home. A neglected system threatens public health and can result in financial losses to the property. In cities, a trained professional operator cares for the wastewater treatment system. For homes with household sewage treatment systems, the property owner is responsible for maintenance.
Problem: These weeds produce a LOT of seed
Palmer amaranth and waterhemp are dioecious species, with separate male and female plants. Female plants will bear the seed at end of the season, so populations will have a mix of plants with and without seed.