Farming is a complex business and many Ohio farmers utilize outside help for specific farm-related work. This option is appealing for tasks requiring specialized equipment or technical expertise. Often, having someone else with specialized tools perform a task is more cost effective and saves time. Farm work completed by others is called “custom farm work” or more simply, “custom work.” A “custom rate” is the amount agreed upon by both parties to be paid by the custom work customer to the custom work provider.
Over the past 20 years, kayaking has emerged as one of the most popular outdoor recreation activities in America. In response to this popular trend, 4-H camping programs have added this option to their recreation portfolios. Due to a shortage of certified instructors, many 4-H camps are teaching kayaking with lesser qualified staff. This presents concerns about participant safety, quality of learning, and user enjoyment. This fact sheet provides a stop-gap training option for creatively engaging participants in 4-H kayaking instruction.
What is a VFD?
A VFD is a written (nonverbal) statement issued by a licensed veterinarian that authorizes the use of an approved VFD drug or combination VFD drug in or on an animal feed. This written statement authorizes the client (owner of the animal) to obtain and use animal feed bearing or containing a VFD drug or combination VFD drug to treat the client’s animals only in accordance with the conditions for use approved by the FDA (Food and Drug Administration).
Stand up paddle boarding (SUP) is one of the fastest growing outdoor recreation activities in America. In response to this popular trend, 4-H camping programs have added this option to their recreation portfolios. Due to a shortage of certified SUP instructors, most 4-H camps are teaching SUP with lesser-qualified instructors.
This presents concerns about participant safety, quality of learning, and user enjoyment. This fact sheet provides a stop-gap training option for creatively engaging participants in 4-H SUP instruction.
Crop residues are an important category of lignocellulosic biomass, a renewable feedstock source for biobased energy and other products. In the Midwestern United States, corn stover is abundant and thus the most likely agricultural residue to be used for biobased industries. Currently, it is the primary feedstock choice of first generation cellulosic biorefineries, including POET-DSM’s Project Liberty and DuPont’s Cellulosic Ethanol plant, both in Iowa.
Applying the appropriate amount of manure requires correct interpretation of the manure test results. Moisture and nutrient levels on the test results need to match the crop’s nutrient needs. Under-application of manure will not meet the crop’s needs and over-application may allow excess nutrients to escape into ground or surface water resources. This fact sheet focuses on interpreting test results from manure samples.
Selection of the proper turfgrass species is one of the most important decisions to be made when establishing a playing surface or recreational area. Since the turf is meant to be permanent, it is important to select a grass species adapted to the area and to the intended level of management. The most important criteria when selecting grass species for recreational areas can be summarized as:
According to the National 4-H Council’s STEM Research website, 60 percent of youth who participate in 4-H STEM programs express a strong interest in a career in a science-related field. Given the need for an increased scientific employee base, this is promising news.
Disclaimer – The information presented here is intended for practitioners interested in utilizing remote sensed imagery within analytical processes for field planning, development of recommendations and farm management where spatial and temporal quality are important.
In times of natural disasters, floods and unexpected water outages, having a safe water supply for your family is crucial. Storage needs should be estimated at 1 gallon of water per person, per day. A normally active person needs to drink at least 2 quarts of water per day (more in warmer climates). Additional clean water is needed for food preparation. If you have been warned ahead of time, fill large pots and pans, sinks and bathtubs with water.