Recent Updates

  1. Wheat Growth Stages and Associated Management

    Key wheat management decisions need to be made at certain growth stages. Exact growth stages cannot be determined by just looking at the height of the crop or based on calendar dates. A careful examination of the developing crop is needed to tell growth stages apart. Correct growth stage identification and knowledge of factors that affect grain yield can enhance management decisions, avoiding damage to the crop and unwarranted or ineffective applications. These decisions can make wheat production more profitable.
  2. Preparing Newsprint for Bedding

    The format that Americans read for news is changing. A 2012 study indicated 23 percent of people living in the United States said they had read a print newspaper. That is half the number who did so in 2000, when nearly 50 percent indicated they were currently reading a print newspaper.
  3. Selling Eggs in Ohio: Marketing and Regulations

    Eggs are in high demand from farms and at farmers markets. The Ohio Farmers Market coalition states that eggs are one of their most requested products at markets across Ohio. As the popularity of backyard poultry flocks continue to rise, interest is increasing to sell eggs from chickens, ducks, geese, turkey and other poultry. This fact sheet explores direct marketing of eggs, from choosing appropriate breeds to good handling practices for food safety, as well as the possible licensing, regulatory requirements, and insurance coverage considerations for selling eggs in Ohio.
  4. Code Literacy: Increasing K-12 Coding Education in Ohio

    There are many names for coders: computer programmers, software developers, computer scientists, software engineers, etc. But regardless of the name, coders are problem-solvers and relish logic and creativity. Coders manipulate program designs into computer languages that the computer can understand and follow. Computer programs benefit business, community, scientific and social needs. Without coders, people would not have the lifestyle they enjoy today.
  5. Points to Consider Before Starting a Hops Operation

    Hop farming requires a substantial investment in capital, time and management. A business and marketing plan is essential to developing a successful hops operation. This fact sheet outlines preplanning points that should be addressed to create a financially successful hops operation.
  6. Status of Biorefineries in Ohio

    What is a biorefinery?
  7. Melampsora Rust

    Melampsora rust, also known as poplar leaf rust, is a foliar rust disease that has been a large problem for trees in the genus Populus and other trees in the family Salicaceae, including various poplars, cottonwoods, aspens and willows, in the United States and throughout the world. The disease is caused by several fungal pathogens in the genus Melampsora, including M. larici-populina (mostly in Europe), and M. medusae and M. occidentalis (in North America). Melampsora spp.
  8. Local Food Council Formation Planning Guide

    The local food movement has grown significantly across the nation during the past 10 years. Feenstra describes this as a response, in part, to the disconnection of people from the “sources of their sustenance.” In 2010, the number of farmers markets in Ohio grew 31 percent over the preceding year (Sylvester, 2011). Amid all this activity around local food, many groups have undertaken activities to further promote the benefits (economic, health, community); but at times, they discover duplication of efforts.
  9. Carpenter Bees

    Carpenter bees get their common name due to the females' habit of excavating galleries in wood to create nest sites for their young. These bees do not consume wood; they feed on pollen and nectar and are important plant pollinators. Large carpenter bees belong to the genus Xylocopa. Two native species, Xylocopa virginica and Xylocopa micans, occur in the eastern United States. A number of native carpenter bees also occur in the western United States. This fact sheet primarily pertains to X. virginica, with the common name of carpenter bee.
  10. Gluten-Free Eating: Important Considerations

    There is an ever-increasing bounty of gluten-free foods available in grocery stores and on restaurant menus. Gluten is a protein found in wheat, barley and rye, and appears in many processed foods. Both medical diagnoses and consumer demand are driving the surge in gluten-free products. Recently, a gluten-free lifestyle has become an increasingly popular U.S. diet trend. According to a 2015 Gallup poll, approximately 20 percent of Americans are looking to reduce or eliminate gluten from their diet.