The ability to place fertilizer and other soil amendments below the soil surface can be a powerful tool for producers in the Ohio area. Equipment that performs this function can vary in horsepower requirements, fertilizer placement capabilities, and may not always be best suited for the desired application. It is unclear in some cases the capabilities and suitability of these machines for farmers in Ohio. Below are a few considerations of the benefits and types of equipment available on the market today.
To make barbecue (BBQ) or hot sauces, tomatoes are combined with spices, vinegar, and various other ingredients and blended until smooth. The mixture is simmered to reduce the volume and thicken the product. BBQ and hot sauces can be used as marinades to prepare raw meat, poultry, seafood, and even vegetables for cooking. They can also be added to cooked foods, casseroles, and slow cooker recipes, and used as dips or condiments.
Anaerobic digestion (AD) is a biochemical process that uses microorganisms to degrade organic materials. AD is a mature technology used for decades as a waste stabilization and/or bioenergy production process. AD transforms organic matter into biogas and a nutrient-rich effluent or “digestate.” Biogas is a mixture of gases, mainly methane (CH4) and carbon dioxide (CO2), which can be either burned directly for heat and power generation, or upgraded to be used as a transportation fuel.
Downy mildew is the most wide spread and destructive disease of hops (Humulus lupulus) in the Midwest and Northeastern United States. Downy mildew is caused by the fungal-like pathogen Pseudoperonospora humuli and is most severe during wet weather and mild temperatures. The disease is systemic and can cause significant yield and quality losses annually.
Objective: Use safe practices with power-take-off shielding.
Power take-off shielding is designed for safety—but it must be used. For this module:
Review the information below on how to use power take-off shielding safely.
Point out the shields on a tractor or other power source with power take-off.
Demonstrate safety practices.
Objective: Identify the types of fire extinguishers and use them properly.
All fires are not the same. Workers need to know which fire extinguisher to use for each type of fire. For this module:
Objective: Identify the information provided on the Material Safety Data Sheet.
Safety conditions increase when on-the-job hazards are known. The Material Safety Data Sheet (MSDS) is a good reference for information on hazardous substances. For this module: