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Ohio State University Extension


Recent Updates

  1. Manure to Energy Through Anaerobic Digestion

    Mar 15, 2011

    Manure is one of the most commonly digested materials to produce energy (EPA AgSTAR). (See Table 1.) The most desirable product of anaerobic digestion is biogas, which can be used for heating, lighting, electricity generation, and cooking. Biogas generally contains 60–70% methane and 30–40% carbon dioxide (Beck). The energy content of biogas with 60% methane content is about 600 Btu/ft3 compared to natural gas at 1,000 Btu/ft3 (Balsam). The effluent slurry from a biogas digester is another key by-product of anaerobic digestion.
  2. Determining Location of Cellulosic Ethanol Plants in Ohio Based on Availability of Crop Residues

    Mar 11, 2011

    The availability of corn and wheat crop residues was analyzed for each county in Ohio. Results showed that two clusters in western Ohio, each encompassing 17 counties with a collection radius of 50 miles, could provide feedstock for two ethanol plants at a capacity of 5,000 dry tons per day each. This calculation assumes that 35 percent of the corn stover and wheat straw per acre would be removed. These two plants could produce a total of 240 million gallons of ethanol per year.
  3. Teaching Children to Resolve Conflict

    Feb 9, 2011

    Many parents feel discouraged when their children bicker or resist requests made of them. How do we teach children to cooperate and resolve conflict? If we want children to stop fighting we must teach them new skills for resolving conflict. They need to learn problem-solving skills and develop avenues for generating socially acceptable alternatives for getting what they want.
  4. Brown Spot of Soybeans

    Feb 9, 2011

    Brown spot is also known as Septoria leaf spot. Its primary effect is premature defoliation of soybeans, but some yield loss may occur during extremely wet growing seasons. The primary effect has been early defoliation of lower leaves. Recent yield losses documented range from 2 to 4 bu/A.
  5. Getting to Know You, Your Co-spender, and Money

    Feb 9, 2011

    Families who effectively discuss money matters can avoid many financial problems. Good communication about money begins with understanding each other's values. This exercise helps you compare values about money. Complete it individually, then compare responses. For each pair of statements, choose the one you feel is more important. There are no right or wrong answers.
  6. Sudden Death Syndrome of Soybean

    Jan 19, 2011

    Sudden death syndrome (SDS) of soybeans is quickly becoming more common in Ohio. Since first being reported in 1995, SDS has continually spread to new fields throughout the state. Yield losses associated with SDS have been highly variable depending on the timing and severity of the initial infection, subsequent weather conditions, the timing of defoliation, and the level of soybean cyst nematode (SCN) infestation in the field.
  7. Frogeye Leaf Spot of Soybean

    Jan 3, 2011

    Frogeye leaf spot of soybeans has been occasionally diagnosed in Ohio but its occurrence and severity have increased in the last five years. On an annual basis, it is more prevalent in the southern United States in regions with warm, humid environments. Yield reductions from this disease have occurred in Ohio and this disease can also reduce seed quality in food grade varieties and seed production fields.
  8. Community Reinvestment Areas: Economic Development Tools

    Jan 3, 2011

    A Community Reinvestment Area (CRA) is an area of land designated by a local government on which property owners can receive tax incentives for constructing new or renovating existing buildings. The CRA Program permits municipalities, townships, or counties to designate areas where investment has been lagging to encourage revitalization of the existing housing stock and the development of new structures. Residential, commercial, and industrial projects are all eligible.
  9. Starting and Operating a Microenterprise Loan Fund

    Jan 3, 2011

    Microenterprise exists in every community in the United States. From downtown shops and restaurants to machine shops or construction businesses, microenterprise is there, providing an income for millions of families and creating greatly needed jobs in urban and rural communities. For many entrepreneurs, the idea is good, and the market exists, but capital is out of reach. Microenterprise loan funds can be established to help small businesses get started.
  10. Using Solar Energy to Produce Electricity for Ohioans

    Dec 14, 2010

    Because it is a virtually unlimited, clean, and renewable resource, the sun has the potential to provide an important source of energy to help power our way of life. Interest in solar energy is growing among generation scale electric producers in Ohio and throughout the United States. Solar energy systems are quiet, dependable, contain no moving parts, and produce no pollutant emissions, which is a tremendous advantage.