The fig (Ficus carica L.) has been grown as a fruit crop for many centuries and is even considered an ancient fruit (Stover et al., 2007). Many people all over the world have enjoyed the edible fig; with Turkey, Egypt, Morocco, Iran, Algeria, Greece, Syria, the United States, Spain, and Tunisia topping the list of fig-producing nations (Oberheu, 2018).
Kiwifruit is well-known for its high nutritional value and has become very popular with consumers all over the world. More than 90% of kiwifruit is currently grown in New Zealand. Kiwifruit production in the United States is mostly concentrated in California because kiwifruit is not cold hardy.
Household water use is on the decline, which is good news. Water use by families was steadily increasing since the 1950s reaching its peak in the late 1990s. The required use of low-flush toilets and the introduction of low-water using washing machines is making all the difference. Water use per person has decreased 15% over the 17-year period 1999 to 2016, from an average of 60 gallons to 51 gallons per person per day. The biggest reductions were in water used to flush toilets and wash clothes. Figure 1 shows the typical household water use.
The spotted lanternfly (SLF) (Lycorma delicatula) is a new non-native invasive insect pest to the United States. Spotted lanternfly is thought to be native to China, Japan, Vietnam and Taiwan. However, it has been reported as a serious non-native, invasive pest in Korea. In the United States, it was discovered in 2014 in southeastern Pennsylvania, Berks County. Spotted lanternfly has the potential to cause harm to the tree fruit, grape, and hops industries.
The topic of global climate change has emerged over the past decade as the most widely discussed environmental subject in the world. It also shows no sign of taking a lower profile in coming years. The purpose of this fact sheet is to acquaint the reader with the basics of this topic by describing how global climate has changed in the past as well as why—along with a discussion of current temperature trends and what the future is likely to hold.
Problem: Waterhemp is becoming resistant to everything
Waterhemp is a dioecious species, with separate male and female plants. Cross pollination results in tremendous variability within populations, which is evident from differences in plant color and other characteristics.
This genetic variability results in a relatively high frequency of mechanisms that can impart resistance to herbicides, enabling waterhemp to develop resistance more rapidly than most weeds.
Waterhemp can produce over 1,000,000 seeds per plant.
Manually operated sprayers (hand pumps, hand cans, and backpacks) are designed for spot treatment and for spraying smaller areas such as tree seedlings, small lawns, or flower beds not suitable for power sprayers. As is true for all sprayers used for application of chemicals, application accuracy with backpack and hand can sprayers is affected by travel speed, nozzle type, and spray pressure. Uniform distribution of sprays can be difficult even with training and regular calibration.
Public meetings and hearings can serve many purposes. A public meeting could be a means to solicit feedback on proposed regulatory changes, allow for citizen responses to proposed changes, create awareness of an issue, or simply engaging public involvement (Jolley, 2007). Public organization leaders and local government ofﬁcials are often required to conduct public meetings for a variety of reasons as part of their duties.
The equipment needed to plant and maintain food plots differs dramatically based on the size of the plot(s), how many plots, and where they are located. Small plots can be installed with very limited equipment, but as the size of plots and number of plots increase, so does the amount and size of equipment needed to effectively get the work done.