A properly functioning septic system removes pollutants from wastewater, and with proper usage and maintenance, the system should work for decades, protecting public health and the environment. However, when a septic system malfunctions or fails, contamination can occur. Obvious signs that a septic system may not be operating properly include soft, smelly spots in the yard and sewage backing up into the home. Other failures are not always apparent, however, and can result in untreated wastewater contaminating streams, ditches, or groundwater.
Homes beyond the reach of a city sewer must treat and disperse wastewater on their lots. This household sewage treatment system requires regular care and maintenance just like other components of a home. A neglected system threatens public health and can result in financial losses to the property. In cities, a trained professional operator cares for the wastewater treatment system. For homes with household sewage treatment systems, the property owner is responsible for maintenance.
Objective: To be able to recognize hazards and prevent falls.
Falls happen quickly and are unexpected. Discuss problematic areas on the farm or in the workplace. Have one of the employees demonstrate safe ladder practices (Refer to training module, “Proper Use of Ladders”). Use the following points to discuss how falls can be prevented. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To be aware of the dangers of not using PTO shielding.
Use PTO shields on implements for demonstrating the points in this training lesson. Point out the shields on a tractor with power take-off. Ask workers to give examples of mishaps that can occur when shielding is not in place. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To be able to lift properly to avoid injuries.
Problems can arise from overexertion. On a flip chart, list guidelines and suggestions for proper handling. Describe jobs that might result in overexertion. Ask a worker to demonstrate appropriate lifting techniques. Cover some practical tips to avoid overexertion. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To be able to operate power lawn mowers according to safety guidelines.
Safe lawn mowing practices can save lives. Point out the safety devices on the mower. Discuss the importance of leaving shields and stops in place. Demonstrate PPE and lawn mower maintenance. Discuss various lawn mowing accidents and brainstorm about how these incidents could have been prevented. Review the true or false quiz.
Objective: To be able to launder pesticide-contaminated clothing according to safety guidelines.
Although personal protective equipment (PPE) should be worn when working with pesticides, if clothing does become contaminated with pesticides, it must be laundered separately and properly. This also applies to reusable PPE. Review the true or false quiz.