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Ohio State University Extension


Recent Updates

  1. Accepting SNAP Benefits at Ohio Farmers Markets

    Jun 7, 2024

    The number of farmers markets in the United States has increased by almost 7,000; from 1,755 in 1994 to 8,771 in 2017 (USDA ERS, 2022). And while this growth in the number of markets has increased access to fresh, locally produced foods for many, those individuals and families receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits (formerly known as the Federal Food Stamp program) do not have the ability to spend those benefits at all farmers markets in Ohio.
  2. The Organic Certification Process for Farms

    May 22, 2024

    Consumer demand for organic products has grown steadily over the past several decades, with U.S. sales of organic food more than doubling from 2008 to 2019 (Figure 1). Meeting this demand through organic certification allows farmers to add value to their products while using sustainable production methods. However, organic certification is the most highly regulated food production program in the United States.
  3. Pasteurization of Raw Milk for Home Consumption

    May 20, 2024

    Pasteurization is the process of heating milk to a specific temperature for a defined amount of time to kill (inactivate) organisms in milk that may cause spoilage or disease if consumed. This process has been used for over 100 years to keep consumers of commercial milk safe by following the standards of the Grade "A" Pasteurized Milk Ordinance.
  4. The Case for an Outside Board of Directors for Closely Held Farm and Agricultural Businesses

    May 17, 2024

    Many closely held or family businesses make the decision to incorporate for the positive benefits provided by a corporate legal structure. These benefits include corporate personal liability limits and the potential for a corporation to survive the departure of a principal member of the business due to their decision to leave the business or their death. One of the requirements for incorporation in many states is the establishment of a board of directors.
  5. Pest Alert: Spotted Lanternfly in Grape Production

    Apr 26, 2024

    Spotted lanternfly (SLF), Lycorma delicatula, is an invasive planthopper first detected in Ohio in 2020 (Mingo Junction in Jefferson County). Currently, no Ohio vineyards have reported an SLF infestation; however, this pest poses a significant threat to the industry. This invasive planthopper originates from Asia but has been in the United States since 2014. SLF has a broad host range, with over 200 different plant hosts.
  6. Grape Berry Moth

    Apr 25, 2024

    Grape berry moth (GBM) (Paralobesia viteana) is a common and destructive pest in Midwest vineyards. GBM infests grape clusters, feeds on berries, and can significantly reduce yields. Infestations can also contaminate fruit by introducing plant pathogens that cause plant diseases like bunch rot (Duso et al., 2022; Thiéry et al., 2018). GBM overwinter in cocoons, often within folded leaves and debris on the vineyard floor (Goldammer, 2018).
  7. Monitoring and Managing Spotted Wing Drosophila in Fruit Crops

    Apr 19, 2024

    Spotted wing Drosophila (SWD) (Drosophila suzukii) is an invasive vinegar fly that attacks otherwise healthy, ripening soft-bodied fruits. SWD is native to southeastern Asia and arrived in other countries via overseas trade of infested fruit (Rota-Stabelli et al., 2013).
  8. Narrow Row Spacing in Corn: Management Considerations for Ohio

    Apr 8, 2024

    Optimizing corn yields involves considering various factors such as planting date, hybrid maturity, row spacing, plant population, and input levels (Ahmad et al., 2010). Growers, facing the challenges of variable weather, new technologies, and advanced genetics are continually seeking ways to enhance yields and improve operational efficiency, productivity, and profitability at the farm level. In recent years, these dynamics have led to some interest in producing corn (Zea mays L.) in narrow-row-spacing conditions.
  9. Managing Corn in Response to Severe Storms and Short-Term Weather Stressors

    Apr 3, 2024

    Weather patterns for corn production are shifting throughout the United States. The midwestern and eastern United States are experiencing increases in total precipitation as well as in heavy precipitation events (Wilson, et al., 2022; Wilson, et al., 2023; Jay, et al., 2023), indicating more frequent and intense storms than experienced in the past.
  10. Hobby Maple Syrup Production

    Mar 24, 2024

    Late winter and early spring is maple season; that time of year when maple producers in Ohio and other parts of northeastern North America tap maple trees to collect sap. This sap is boiled down to produce maple syrup, or further processed into maple sugar, fudge, nougat, cream or other products.  Maple syrup production is unique to North America and specifically the area between Minnesota in the west, Kentucky in the south and the eastern Canadian providences in the north.