Across much of the United States, autumn is marked by a series of chemical changes in leaves, resulting in them changing colors from green to red, orange, yellow, or gold. This change in leaf color combined with their subsequent drop is part of the tree’s ability to survive winter weather (Chaney, 1997).
Traveling with young people can be a very rewarding experience. In order to be successful, chaperones must be prepared and understand proper policies and procedures. Additionally, chaperones must avoid generalizing to teen characteristics, understand the developmental needs of participants and think about how to create a youth-adult partnership throughout the experience (Curtis, 2015).
A common statement frequently heard when unwelcome diarrhea or vomiting occurs is, "It must be something I ate." Often it can be traced to improper handling of food; however, norovirus can be spread through both food and nonfood sources. You can get norovirus from eating contaminated food or water, coming into contact with someone who has norovirus, or touching contaminated surfaces and then putting unwashed hands in or around your mouth.
The majority of Ohio’s 8.1 million acres of forestland could benefit from timber stand improvement (TSI) or related forest-management practices. One of the disincentives for practicing TSI is that landowners often do not get an immediate economic return when they remove low-quality trees from their woodlot. Many rural landowners are also exploring possibilities for alternative crops and sources of income.
Growing shiitakes, whether for home or commercial use, requires problem-solving. Some problems are strictly environmental; others include pests and pathogens. Many pest and pathogen issues can be traced back to inoculating logs that are not freshly cut. The more time logs sit prior to inoculation, the greater the risk of contamination from weed fungi that can outcompete the inoculated species during colonization. Using fresh-cut logs from the appropriate tree species can help mitigate problems with colonization and fruiting.
Using phosphorus (P) crop fertilizer has environmental and agronomic impacts. P is a necessary nutrient for maximizing crop production. P can also contribute to water quality issues and harmful algal blooms. A review of regional data of Ohio, the application of P as fertilizer by the state’s crop reporting districts reveals trends that affect agronomic and environmental management:
Soil available and added phosphorus (P) nutrient impacts Ohio’s crop production and environment in several ways. Fertilizer P can increase crop yields. Yet, excessive P can have negative impacts on water quality, resulting in toxic algal blooms. To properly calibrate the use of P for maximum crop yield efficiency and environmental safety, it is important to monitor P use trends, understand the changes to P recommendations from 1995 to today, review changes in soil test phosphorus (STP), and identify the sources of P used.
For farmers market Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) and nutrition incentive programs to be successful, the community must be aware of the programs and how to participate in them. Nutrition incentives support the purchase of fruits and vegetables by low-income consumers.
The Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) requires farmers markets interested in offering nutrition incentives to have the capacity to manage the funds and train market staff, volunteers, and vendors. Nutrition incentives support the purchase of fruits and vegetables by low-income consumers.