Recent Updates

  1. Demonstrations for 4-H Members

    Me? Demonstrate how to make something in front of people? Successful 4-H demonstrations don’t have to be difficult or complicated. An idea for a demonstration does not have to be so new or so complex that no one in the audience has ever heard of it. In fact, the best demonstrations are usually done by talking about something with which you and the audience are already familiar.
  2. Facilitating Positive Behavior in 4-H

    A preschooler screaming while running laps around 4-H members; teens on their cell phones; friends having private conversations; a member having a meltdown; 4-H members missing meetings due to other activities—these are a few examples of behavior challenges that volunteers may need to address during 4-H meetings. The purpose of this fact sheet is to provide tips on facilitating behavior challenges.
  3. Ohio History of 4-H

    The 1800s In the late 1800s, it was discovered that adults in farming communities were not easily accepting the new agricultural developments from universities. However, young people were found to be more open to new ideas and experimentation and would, in turn, share their results and experiences with adults. This was the first step in building community clubs as a way to be “hands-on” while learning and connecting education to agriculture.
  4. Low-Cost Crop-Management Considerations

    In order to optimize production, it is necessary to critically evaluate all agronomic inputs for crop production. The low-cost crop-management considerations explained here are important to economic success in producing agronomic crops.
  5. Accepting SNAP Benefits at Ohio Farmers Markets

    The number of farmers markets in the United States has increased by almost 7,000; from 1,755 in 1994 to 8,687 in 2017 (USDA, 2017a). And while this growth in the number of markets has increased access to fresh, locally produced foods for many, those individuals and families receiving Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) benefits (formerly known as the Federal Food Stamp program) do not have the ability to spend those benefits at all farmers markets in Ohio.
  6. Involving Parents in 4-H

    The family-oriented 4-H Youth Development program encourages positive relationships among volunteers, members, and parents. Volunteers provide opportunities for members in their club, members utilize the opportunities to develop life skills, and parents provide resources and encouragement for their child.
  7. Estimated Return-to-Seed of Variable vs. Uniform Corn Seeding Rates

    Finding the best corn seeding rate is important for efficient production. The “optimum” corn seeding rate—the one that maximizes profitability—can vary within and among fields with small differences in soils and weather. Given the advances in agronomic production and breeding, it is important to know how practices such as variable rate seeding with modern hybrids may affect profitability.
  8. Hydroponic Nutrient Solution for Optimized Greenhouse Tomato Production

    Utilizing an appropriate nutrient solution is one of the most important components of establishing and maintaining a hydroponic greenhouse tomato crop. In hydroponic production, all of the essential nutrients (Table 1) must be provided to the plant in solution form as the substrates typically used for tomato production have no nutritional component as would soil in field production. This fact sheet will provide a guideline to formulate nutrient solutions for successful hydroponic tomato production under a controlled environment.
  9. The Basics of a Farm Balance Sheet

    The farm balance sheet is one of three financial statements that provide critical information about a farm business. Completing an annual balance sheet, income statement, and statement of cash flows is critical to helping farm businesses understand their financial health. The balance sheet provides a picture of your farm’s financial position on a specified date. The picture is painted by describing all of the assets owned by the business and listing all of the liabilities or financial obligations to others. The balance sheet is also known as the net worth statement.
  10. Fundamentals of energy analysis for crop production agriculture

    Energy is embodied in all of the equipment, inputs, and products of agriculture. Agriculture both uses and supplies energy in the form of bioenergy and food. The amount of energy used in agriculture has grown substantially, and currently, the agri-food chain accounts for 30 percent of the total energy used around the world [1]. Sustainable agricultural production requires the optimization of land use, energy efficiency, end of the use of fossil energy sources, and minimization of environmental impacts. Current agricultural systems are heavily dependent on fossil energy resources.

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