Recent Updates

  1. Global Climate Change: Update 2020

    The topic of global climate change has emerged over the past decade as the most widely discussed environmental subject in the world. It also shows no sign of taking a lower profile in coming years. The purpose of this fact sheet is to acquaint the reader with the basics of this topic by describing how global climate has changed in the past as well as why—along with a discussion of current temperature trends and what the future is likely to hold.
  2. Herbicide Resistance in Waterhemp

    Problem: Waterhemp is becoming resistant to everything Waterhemp is a dioecious species, with separate male and female plants. Cross pollination results in tremendous variability within populations, which is evident from differences in plant color and other characteristics. This genetic variability results in a relatively high frequency of mechanisms that can impart resistance to herbicides, enabling waterhemp to develop resistance more rapidly than most weeds. Waterhemp can produce over 1,000,000 seeds per plant.
  3. Palmer Amaranth: What It Is and What to Do Now

    What is Palmer amaranth and where is it coming from?
  4. Proper Calibration and Operation of Backpack and Hand Can Sprayers

    Manually operated sprayers (hand pumps, hand cans, and backpacks) are designed for spot treatment and for spraying smaller areas such as tree seedlings, small lawns, or flower beds not suitable for power sprayers. As is true for all sprayers used for application of chemicals, application accuracy with backpack and hand can sprayers is affected by travel speed, nozzle type, and spray pressure. Uniform distribution of sprays can be difficult even with training and regular calibration.
  5. Planning and Conducting Effective Public Meetings

    Public meetings and hearings can serve many purposes. A public meeting could be a means to solicit feedback on proposed regulatory changes, allow for citizen responses to proposed changes, create awareness of an issue, or simply engaging public involvement (Jolley, 2007). Public organization leaders and local government officials are often required to conduct public meetings for a variety of reasons as part of their duties.
  6. Equipment Needed for Planting and Maintaining Food Plots

    The equipment needed to plant and maintain food plots differs dramatically based on the size of the plot(s), how many plots, and where they are located. Small plots can be installed with very limited equipment, but as the size of plots and number of plots increase, so does the amount and size of equipment needed to effectively get the work done.
  7. Tech Recipe: Starting A Scholastic Drone Racing Team

    Schools interested in starting a drone racing team may have some basic questions, such as, “Is drone racing legal?”, “When did drone racing start?”, “How does drone racing work?” This fact sheet is written in a recipe format to provide simple how-to guidance for prospective schools and teachers who want to learn more about what it takes to start a drone racing team, such as materials and people needed, the skill building benefits scholastic teams offer, equipment cost estimates, online resources, and instruction on how to develop a practice schedule and racing events.
  8. Effective Ways to Promote Ohio 4-H Camps

    Camping has a long tradition in Ohio 4-H (McNeely, 2004). Ohio 4-H camps are creative experiential learning endeavors in which participants engage with each other, older teens, and adult staff. They are intentionally designed in a carefully supervised and supportive environment which typically incorporates aspects of the natural surroundings. Teens are part of the supervision and supportive environment through their involvement as camp counselors where they undergo a selection process, receive training, assist in planning and the evaluation of camp.
  9. County-level 4-H Advisory Committees

    The 4-H Advisory Committee Role
  10. Is It Pine, Spruce, or Fir?

    Pine (Pinus spp.), spruce (Picea spp.), and fir (Abies spp.) are all types, or genera, of medium to tall (60-200 feet), evergreen, needle-bearing, cone-producing trees that have a conical or pyramidal shape. Collectively, they are called conifers because of their cone production. Conifers are commonly found growing in Ohio landscapes and several species are used as Christmas trees. To the casual observer, these trees look similar, but they belong to different genera.