Objective: Follow required guidelines for federal Department of Transportation (DOT) placarding.
A vehicle carrying hazardous materials, or HAZMAT, can be involved in an incident. Then there is a real danger. For this module:
What are hazardous materials, or HAZMAT? According to the Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), HAZMAT is any substance that has corrosive, ignitable, reactive, or toxic properties. HAZMAT can harm people or the environment when handled improperly. HAZMAT must be stored separately from non-hazardous materials. HAZMAT must be documented and disposed of separately as well.
HAZMAT commonly used in landscaping and horticulture includes:
- fertilizers and pesticides
- paints and solvents
- fuels like gasoline, liquid propane (LP) gas, or heating oil
Under most circumstances, HAZMAT poses little risk to the surrounding area. But nursery operators, sod farmers, large growers, or landscapers might haul HAZMAT on the road. If there is an incident, the HAZMAT can spill or catch fire. This would put the driver, the emergency response teams (ERTs), and the surrounding area in danger. ERTs must identify the HAZMAT quickly.
The U.S. DOT developed a system to help ERTs identify HAZMAT quickly. The system includes two parts:
- DOT placards like signs, labels, and signals
- proper placement of shipping papers
ERTs are trained to look for warning signs and labels, so HAZMAT must have placards. The placards must be correct. With no placards or the wrong ones, lives are in jeopardy.
Placards identify hazard classes. Placards must be placed on all four sides of a vehicle hauling more than 1,000 pounds of HAZMAT. There are exceptions, however. Explosive chemicals (Class 1) must always have placards regardless of weight.
Suppliers provide shipping papers. The papers must be with a driver hauling HAZMAT. ERTs must be able to find the shipping papers quickly in the case of an incident.
- Papers should be in a separate envelope.
- Papers should be visible. They should be within the driver’s reach when restrained by a seat belt. They may also be in a pouch on the driver's door.
- When the driver is not in the vehicle, they should be in the driver’s door pouch or on the driver's seat.
DOT regulations cover anyone hauling HAZMAT in a vehicle on a public road. There may be some exemptions when crossing a road between adjacent properties. The driver must have a special driver’s license. In case of an incident, the driver may be held liable if the proper license or shipping papers are not present. The driver may be liable if the load is not properly placarded. Contact a lawyer for specifics of potential liability.
Review These Important Points
- DOT placards and shipping papers are extremely important in case of an incident hauling HAZMAT.
- Placards that quickly identify the HAZMAT should be placed on all four sides of the vehicle.
- The driver and ERTs should be able to find shipping papers easily.
- HAZMAT with no placards can endanger lives.
- HAZMAT with the wrong placards can endanger lives.
About These Modules
The author team for the training modules in the landscape and horticultural tailgate training series includes Dee Jepsen, Program Director, Agricultural Safety and Health, Ohio State University Extension; Michael Wonacott, Research Specialist, Vocational Education; Peter Ling, Greenhouse Specialist; and Thomas Bean, Agricultural Safety Specialist. Modules were developed with funding from the Occupational Safety and Health Administration, U.S. Department of Labor, Grant Number 46E3-HT09.
Any opinions, findings, conclusions, or recommendations expressed in this publication are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the views of the U.S. Department of Agriculture or the U.S. Department of Labor.
Quiz: Federal DOT Placarding
True or False?
1. Shipping papers should be carried in a separate envelope. T F
2. The shipping papers should be kept under the seat so they are out of the way. T F
3. Placards should be placed on all four sides of a vehicle hauling more than 1,000 pounds of HAZMAT. T F
4. ERTs are trained to look for DOT placards and HAZMAT shipping papers. T F
5. In the case of an incident, drivers may be held liable if they do not have shipping papers or proper placards for HAZMAT. T F