Objective: To be able to use hand-held tools in a safe manner.
To avoid incidents in the workplace resulting from the incorrect use of hand tools, it will be important that the employee understands the proper use of these items. Encourage employees to discuss their concerns about the dangers involved with using hand tools. During the session, have each employee practice the correct methods for operating hand tools. It is important that everyone has an opportunity to use the tools in the practice session. Have exercises prepared in advance that will allow each employee to use the hand tools in the shop area or on farm equipment. Demonstrate the proper care and storage of the tools. Use the list of tools below as a guide for the session and modify for other tools used within the operation. Review the true or false quiz.
The misuse and improper maintenance of hand tools lead to the greatest injuries. The following is a list of major hand-held tools that are common to most farm shops.
- When placing an adjustable wrench on a nut, make sure the adjustable jaw faces the operator, then pull the wrench toward the operator.
- Use socket wrenches for hard-to-reach places.
- Never use a pipe wrench on nuts because the corners of the nuts or bolts are likely to break the teeth of the wrench jaws, making it unsafe for future use.
- Manufacturers make wrenches of different sizes, so the amount of leverage obtained with the wrench handle is the maximum application; it is unsafe to add more leverage with a length of pipe.
- When replacing hammer handles, make sure they fit the hammer head. Wedge the handle securely in the head and make sure that it is free of splinters and cracks.
- Never strike hardened steel surfaces with a steel hammer.
- Use a soft metal hammer or one with a plastic, wood, or rawhide head when striking steel surfaces.
- Always wear safety glasses to protect your eyes from flying objects. Inspect sledgehammers carefully before each use.
- Use the right type of hammer for the specific job.
- Never substitute pliers for another tool such as a wrench to complete the task. It may cause the bolt heads to become chewed.
- Pliers cannot grip nuts and bolts securely and will slip.
- If working with electricity, use hand insulated grips, make sure the protective coverings are free from cracks or holes. Use a vise when cutting wire with the pliers. Hold the open end of the wire with your free hand to prevent the cutoff piece from flying through the air. If a vise is not available, use your foot to secure the wire and always use safety glasses.
Saw Blades, Knives, and Other Sharp Tools
- Direct the tools away from aisle areas and workers in close proximity.
- Always use sharp knives and scissors. Dull tools can cause more hazards.
- Never use cracked saw blades.
Other Shop Tools
- Crowbars should be used only for jobs that require prying.
- Files must be cleaned with a file card when finished using. Do not strike the file against another piece of metal. Hand hooks must be kept sharp to prevent slipping when in use. They should be stored with the point in cork to reduce accidents.
- Wooden handles of tools should be kept free of splinters and/or cracks.
- Iron and steel tools may produce sparks that could ignite flammable substances.
- Scrappers must be kept in good, sharp condition for best results.
Review the Following Points
- Use the right tool for the intended job.
- Always wear safety glasses or goggles to prevent serious eye damage.
- It is unsafe to add more leverage to any tool by use of an extension.
- Use the shop vise when the job requires.
About These Modules
The Ag Tailgate Training Series was developed by members of the Agricultural Safety and Health Program in the Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Revised by Dee Jepsen, State Agricultural Safety Leader, with editing assistance by Lisa Pfeifer and Cody McClain.
True or False Answer Key
Quiz: Safe Use of Hand-Held Tools
True or False?
|1. Keeping hand-held tools in good condition can reduce job-related accidents.||T||F|
|2. It is important to wear the proper eye protection when working with hand-held tools to prevent possible eye damage.||T||F|
|3. Using the right tool for the job intended will make the task go quicker and safer.||T||F|
|4. Crowbars should be substituted for hammers if one is not available.||T||F|
|5. Storing all tools on the tool rack helps keep blades and points sharp.||T||F|