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Ohio State University Extension


First on the Scene

Agricultural Tailgate Safety Training for Operators and Supervisors
Agriculture and Natural Resources
Agricultural Safety and Health Program

Objective: To enhance crisis intervention skills.

Trainer’s Note

The awareness of farm hazards is greater than the awareness of rescue or first aid procedures. Intervention should never endanger the rescuer or bystanders, or put the victim in graver danger. Post emergency telephone numbers near all phones. A local volunteer fire department or emergency rescue squad member would be an ideal trainer. Review the true or false quiz.


Due to the ruggedness of farm equipment and poor accessibility to the scene, response to a farm incident can be more difficult than a roadway incident. Standard rescue equipment, such as hydraulic rescue tools and metal-cutting saws, easily remove automobile pieces but may not work on more heavy agricultural machinery.

When first on the scene:

  • Designate a leader—A worker who has had first aid training or the senior worker should assume leadership. This person should direct the rescue until the emergency squad arrives and should update the squad on treatment administered.
  • Assign a specific person to call for help—The ambulance dispatcher will need to know location and condition of field (muddy, steep, rough), type of equipment involved, number of victims, and the extent of their injuries.
  • Assess the rescue situation—Evaluate the situation and develop an escape plan. Stabilize equipment to minimize the chance of collapse or further injury. Know the limitations of the helpers and equipment.
  • Establish a hazard zone—This allows the rescuers room to work at freeing the victim. Only the rescuers should be in the area. This area may contain hazards such as fire, toxic or flammable gases, and structural damage.
  • Provide emergency first aid—Restore breathing and circulation if necessary. If bleeding, apply pressure to related pressure points. Administer any additional first aid treatment.
  • Stay calm—Calm the victim by keeping one rescuer near the victim at all times.
  • If amputation occurs—Locate the appendage and wrap it in a moist towel. Keep it on ice, but do not let it freeze. If the appendage is in pieces, send each piece to the hospital as it is found.

Review the Following Points

  • Appoint a worker to lead until the emergency squad arrives.
  • Call for emergency help as quickly as possible.
  • Assess the situation and start first aid.
  • Establish a hazard zone.
  • Locate any appendage and transfer to the care unit.

About These Modules

The Ag Tailgate Training Series was developed by members of the Agricultural Safety and Health Program in the Department of Food, Agricultural and Biological Engineering. Revised by Dee Jepsen, State Agricultural Safety Leader, with editing assistance by Lisa Pfeifer and Cody McClain.

True or False Answer Key

  1. T
  2. T
  3. T
  4. T
  5. T

Quiz: First on the Scene



True or False?    

1. Someone should take the leadership of the rescue activity as soon as possible. T F
2. If additional help is needed, do not hesitate to call. T F
3. After locating a missing appendage, wrap it in a moist towel and place it on ice. T F
4. Plan the rescue and then take action. T F
5. One rescuer should remain with the victim at all times. T F





Originally posted May 22, 2019.