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Ohio State University Extension


Adams County’s Forest Economy

Eric McConnell, PhD, Forest Operations and Products Specialist, Ohio State University Extension
David Dugan, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ohio State University Extension, Adams/Brown/Highland Counties

Adams County contains 584 square miles (373,680 acres) of land and is home to 28,450 citizens[1]. There are 140 industries in the county[2], with the median household earning an income of $34,200[1]. Major employers include businesses in the sectors of state and local governments, food services, retail stores, and agronomic crop farming[2].

Figure 1. Forest industries contribute 4.21% to Adams County's economy[2,3].
Figure 1. Forest industries contribute 4.21% to Adams County's economy[2,3].

The land resources of Adams County provide many economic benefits. The county's 1,370 agricultural farms produce agronomic crops, cattle and calves, and dairy and milk products, among others[3]. An abundance of wooded acres are also present, providing community support to the county's forest industries. These businesses generate $49.8 million in industrial output and $2.31 million in taxes[2].

Some of the many contributions Adams County's forests and forest industries provide to the local economy are illustrated in this fact sheet using key figures and statistics. Figures 2–4, describing Adams County's forest resources, were constructed using data from the 2011 forest survey database provided by the United States Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis. Figures 5–8 explain the county's forest industries and were developed from data analyzed using IMPLAN®. Table 1 summarizes the IMPLAN® model for Adams County's economy. (For more information regarding IMPLAN® and the economic impact analyses for Adams County, please contact the first author in the School of Environment and Natural Resources.)

Benefits of Woodland Management

  • Properly managing your woodland improves forest health, aesthetics, and wildlife habitat. It also provides soil stabilization, clean water, self-satisfaction, and a potential source of income.
  • Managing timber requires less long-term inputs compared to many other land uses.
  • You are often able to obtain cost share funds to establish your woodland, property tax credits while managing your forest property, and preferable tax treatment at harvest.
  • Standing timber is a stable form of wealth, often comparable in performance to mutual fund investments.

Figure 2. Adams County contains over 200,000 forested acres, which is 56.7% of the total land cover[1,5]. Figure 3. Adams County’s forestland is 83.7% privately owned, approximately 195,000 acres[5].
Pie graph displaying that Adams County contains 200,000 forested acres.

Figure 4. Adams County contains 1.5 billion board feet of sawtimber[5]. The top five species make up 67.4% of the total volume. Figure 5. Adams County’s farmland and forestland production, 2010[2]. This figure does not include harvests from government lands.

Figure 6. Direct economic impact of Adams County’s forest industries, 2010[2]. Labor income, value-added, and industrial output are represented on the left Y-axis, and employment is represented on the right Y-axis. Figure 7. Adams County’s forest industry employers by sector, 2010[2]. A (----) indicates less than five employees to prevent potential disclosure of individual company information.
Bar graph displaying the economic impact forest industries have on Adams County.

Figure 8. Direct tax impact of Adams County’s forest industries, 2010[2].

How Can I Learn to Better Manage My Woodland?

  • Become actively involved in the stewardship of your property.
  • Join your local forestry association.
  • Search Ohio State University Extension's website Ohioline ( for further study of forestry related topics.
  • Contact your local service forester at the Ohio Division of Forestry to help you develop a management plan for your property.
  • Obtain soils information from your local Soil and Water Conservation District.
  • Enlist the assistance of a professional forester when planning a timber sale.
  • Consider hiring an Ohio Master Logging Company to conduct your harvesting operation.

For More Information, Please Consult the Following Sources

School of Environment and Natural Resources

The Ohio State University
2021 Coffey Rd.
Columbus, OH 43210
Phone: (614) 688-3421

Ohio State University Extension, Adams County
215 North Cross St., Room 104
West Union, OH 45693-1394
Phone: (937) 544-2339
Fax: (937) 544-8125

Ohio Division of Forestry
704 South Main St.
Georgetown, OH 45121-9701
Phone: (937) 378-4920
Fax: (937) 378-2568

Adams County Soil and Water Conservation District
215 North Cross St.
West Union, OH 45693
Phone: (937) 544-1010
Fax: (937) 544-1011

Ohio Society of American Foresters

Ohio Forestry Association
Master Logging Company Program

Office: 746 Morrison Rd., Columbus, OH 43230
Mail: 1100-H Brandywine Blvd., Zanesville, OH 43701
Phone: (614) 497-9580
Fax: (614) 497-9581

Call Before You Cut
Phone: (877) 424-8288


Acre: A unit of land measure equal to 43,560 square feet (208.7 feet X 208.7 feet). One square mile equals 640 acres.

Direct Economic Impact: The effect generated by the industry of interest in an economic impact analysis. This is measured through employment, value-added, and industrial output produced to meet demand for the manufactured product(s).

Direct Federal Tax Impact: Taxes collected by the United States government. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Direct State and Local Tax Impact: Taxes paid to state, county, and municipal governments. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Employment: The total wage and salary and self-employed jobs in a geographical area.

Indirect Business Taxes: Sales and excise taxes paid by individuals to businesses through normal operations. They do not include taxes on corporate profits and dividends.

Industrial Output: The total value of production measured as the sum of value-added plus the cost of buying goods and services to produce the product(s).

Labor Income: Wages and benefits paid to employees plus proprietary income for self-employed work.

Sawtimber Volume: Net volume in board feet by the International 1/4-inch rule of sawlogs in sawtimber trees on timberland. Gross volume minus the deductions that affect use for lumber equals net volume.

Value-Added: The sum of labor income, interest, profits, and indirect business taxes.

Table 1. Direct industrial contributions within Adams County’s economy, 2010[2]. The IMPLAN® model’s 440 sectors were aggregated into 12 industries by each sector’s 2-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code number. A (----) indicates less than five employees or a value less than $500,000 to prevent potential disclosure of individual company information.

Industry NAICS Description Employment Labor Income Value Added Industrial Output
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting 1,239 $15,433,579 $23,712,761 $67,206,639
     113 Forestry and Logging 94 $4,547,978 $4,479,514 $9,622,340
21 Mining 21 $1,573,467 $3,066,722 $4,405,919
22 Utilities 188 $19,914,080 $80,996,795 $104,851,767
23 Construction 925 $14,149,382 $22,915,082 $86,104,699
31–33 Manufacturing 1,001 $63,656,331 $88,326,028 $297,882,674
     321 Wood Products Manufacturing 273 $4,472,804 $6,781,724 $39,048,665
     322 Paper Manufacturing (----) (----) (----) (----)
     337 Wood Furniture Manufacturing 9 (----) (----) $1,174,519
42 Wholesale Trade 246 $8,665,707 $21,755,858 $30,275,164
44–45 Retail Trade 1,479 $31,345,928 $50,729,250 $79,664,445
48–49 Transportation and Warehousing 283 $9,455,993 $14,030,365 $30,496,141
51–56 Professional Services 1,340 $27,424,441 $119,786,314 $218,949,139
61–72 Educational, Health, and Recreation Services 2,243 $38,087,708 $48,893,755 $99,296,993
81 Other Services 786 $21,761,494 $24,432,789 $58,391,874
92 Government and non-NAICS Industries 1,828 $78,088,487 $89,555,581 $106,034,810
Forest Industries 376 $9,489,698 $11,690,024 $49,845,524
Total 11,577 $329,556,598 $588,201,301 $1,183,560,263


[1] United States Census. 2010. United States Census state and county quick facts.

[2] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2012. 2010 Ohio state and national package database. MIG, Inc., Hudson, WI.

[3] United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2010. Ohio county summaries.

[4] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis. 2012. Northeast Forest Inventory and Analysis Methodology: Common definitions used by FIA.

[5] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis Database. 2012. Adams County 2011 forest survey database.

[6] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2004. IMPLAN Professional®: Users Guide, Analysis Guide, Data Guide. 3rd edition. MIG, Inc.


Originally posted May 17, 2013.