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Ohio State University Extension


Coshocton County’s Forest Economy

Agriculture and Natural Resources
Eric McConnell, Ph.D., Forest Operations and Products Specialist, Ohio State University Extension
Emily Adams, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ohio State University Extension, Coshocton County

Coshocton County contains 564 square miles (360,960 acres) of land and is home to 36,900 citizens[1]. There are 163 industries in the county[2], with the median household earning an income of $39,470[1]. Major employers include businesses in the sectors of state and local governments, food services, private hospitals, and general merchandise retail stores[2].

Figure 1. Forest industry outputs contribute 2.98% to Coshocton County's economy[2,3].

The land resources of Coshocton County provide many economic benefits. The county's 1,020 agricultural farms produce a variety of agronomic crops and livestock[3]. An abundance of wooded acres are also present, providing community support to the county's forest industries. These businesses generate $85.6 million in industrial output and $4.06 million in taxes[2].

Some of the many contributions Coshocton County's forests and forest industries provide to the local economy are illustrated in this fact sheet using key figures and statistics. Figures 2–4, describing Coshocton County's forest resources, were constructed using data from the 2011 forest survey database provided by the United States Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis. Figures 5–8 explain the county's forest industries and were developed from data analyzed using IMPLAN®. Table 1 summarizes the IMPLAN® model for Coshocton County's economy. (For more information regarding IMPLAN® and the economic impact analyses for Coshocton County, please contact the first author in the School of Environment and Natural Resources.)

Benefits of Woodland Management

  • Properly managing your woodland improves forest health, aesthetics, and wildlife habitat. It also provides soil stabilization, clean water, carbon sequestration, self-satisfaction, and a potential source of income.
  • Managing timber requires less long-term inputs compared to many other land uses.
  • You are often able to obtain cost share funds to establish your woodland, property tax credits while managing your forest property, and preferable tax treatment at harvest.
  • Standing timber is a stable form of wealth, often comparable in performance to mutual fund investments.

How Can I Learn to Better Manage My Woodland?

  • Become actively involved in the stewardship of your property.
  • Join your local forestry association.
  • Search Ohio State University Extension's website Ohioline ( for further study of forestry related topics.
  • Contact your local service forester at the Ohio Division of Forestry to help you develop a management plan for your property.
  • Obtain soils and management information for trees suited to your soil types at your local Soil and Water Conservation District.
  • Enlist the assistance of a professional forester when planning a timber sale.
  • Consider hiring an Ohio Master Logging Company to conduct your harvesting operation.

Figure 2. Coshocton County contains nearly 200,000 forested acres, which is 53.8% of the total land cover. Figures were based on estimates combined from [1,3,5]. Figure 3. Nonindustrial private forest landowners are very important to Coshocton County's forest economy as 91.6% of its forestland is privately owned, approximately 180,000 acres[5].

Figure 4. Coshocton County's forests contain 1.3 billion board feet of sawtimber[5]. The top five species make up 63.0% of the total standing volume. Figure 5. Coshocton County's farmland and forestland production, 2010[2]. This figure does not include harvests from government lands.

Figure 6. Direct economic impact of Coshocton County's forest industries, 2010[2]. Labor income, value-added, and industrial output are represented on the left Y-axis, and employment is represented on the right Y-axis. Figure 7. Coshocton County's forest industry employers by sector, 2010[2].

Figure 8. Direct tax impact of Coshocton County's forest industries, 2010[2].

For More Information, Please Consult the Following Sources:

School of Environment and Natural Resources
The Ohio State University
2021 Coffey Rd.
Columbus, OH 43210
Phone: (614) 688-3421
Ohio State University Extension, Coshocton County
724 South 7th St., Room 110
Coshocton, OH 43812
Phone: (740) 622-2265
Fax: (740) 622-2197
Ohio Division of Forestry
10517 Canal Rd.
Hebron, OH 43025
Phone: (740) 928-7034, ext. 241
Fax: (740) 928-6039
Coshocton Soil and Water Conservation District
724 South 7th St.
Coshocton, OH 43812
Phone: (740) 622-8087
Fax: (740) 622-7047
Ohio Society of American Foresters
Ohio Forestry Association
Master Logging Company Program
Office: 746 Morrison Rd., Columbus, OH 43230
Mail: 1100-H Brandywine Blvd.,
Zanesville, OH 43701
Phone: (614) 497-9580
Fax: (614) 497-9581
Call Before You Cut
Phone: (877) 424-8288

Table 1. Direct industrial contributions within Coshocton County’s economy, 2010[2]. The IMPLAN® model’s 440 sectors were aggregated into 12 industries by each sector’s 2-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code number. A (----) indicates less than five employees or a value less than $500,000 to prevent potential disclosure of individual company information.

Industry NAICS Description Employment Labor Income Value-Added Industrial Output
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting 1,215 $18,251,392 $30,112,028 $92,329,569
     113 Forestry and Logging 78 $3,311,099 $3,254,085 $7,536,879
21 Mining 545 $29,958,265 $59,035,829 $88,934,176
22 Utilities 417 $53,024,499 $195,148,123 $225,299,215
23 Construction 1,035 $17,920,207 $27,723,852 $98,392,174
31–33 Manufacturing 2,689 $153,475,063 $252,690,510 $1,364,951,399
     321 Wood Products Manufacturing 79 $2,607,850 $3,653,683 $11,702,880
     322 Paper Manufacturing 104 $6,282,016 $14,282,989 $65,467,116
     337 Wood Furniture Manufacturing 9 (----) (----) $942,046
42 Wholesale Trade 245 $9,950,823 $23,024,756 $31,533,508
44–45 Retail Trade 2,077 $36,776,311 $61,939,399 $102,806,706
48–49 Transportation and Warehousing 698 $30,873,560 $41,043,857 $83,447,221
51–56 Professional Services 3,710 $78,360,459 $232,385,215 $413,693,380
61–72 Educational, Health, and Recreation Services 3,352 $83,769,675 $101,288,273 $194,837,090
81 Other Services 1,118 $32,206,494 $34,199,634 $66,279,711
92 Government and non-NAICS Industries 1,829 $82,222,859 $94,147,038 $115,839,319
Forest Industries 270 $12,432,053 $21,452,677 $85,648,921
Total 18,928 $626,789,605 $1,152,738,515 $2,878,343,470


Acre: A unit of land measure equal to 43,560 square feet (208.7 feet x 208.7 feet). One square mile equals 640 acres.

Direct Economic Impact: The effect generated by the industry of interest in an economic impact analysis. This is measured through employment, value-added, and industrial output produced to meet demand for the manufactured product(s).

Direct Federal Tax Impact: Taxes collected by the United States government. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Direct State and Local Tax Impact: Taxes paid to state, county, and municipal governments. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Employment: The total wage and salary and self-employed jobs in a geographical area. 

Indirect Business Taxes: Sales and excise taxes paid by individuals to businesses through normal operations. They do not include taxes on corporate profits and dividends.

Industrial Output: The total value of production measured as the sum of value-added plus the cost of buying goods and services to produce the product(s).

Labor Income: Wages and benefits paid to employees plus proprietary income for self-employed work.

Sawtimber Volume: Net volume in board feet by the International 1/4-inch rule of sawlogs in sawtimber trees on timberland. Gross volume minus the deductions that affect use for lumber equals net volume. 

Value-Added: The sum of labor income, interest, profits, and indirect business taxes.


[1] United States Census. 2010. United States census quick facts.

[2] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2012. 2010 Ohio state and national package database. MIG, Inc., Hudson, WI.

[3] United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2012. 2010 Ohio county summaries.

[4] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis. 2012. Northeast Forest Inventory and Analysis Methodology: Common definitions used by FIA.

[5] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis. 2012. Coshocton County 2011 forest survey database.

[6] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2004. IMPLAN Professional®: Users Guide, Analysis Guide, Data Guide. 3rd edition. MIG, Inc.

Originally posted Apr 24, 2013.