CFAES Give Today

Ohio State University Extension


Morgan County’s Forest Economy

Agriculture and Natural Resources
Eric McConnell, Ph.D., Forest Operations and Products Specialist, Ohio State University Extension
Chris Penrose, Agriculture and Natural Resources, Ohio State University Extension, Morgan County

A white map of Ohio with Morgan County shaded in black.Morgan County contains 422 square miles (269,888 acres) of land and is home to 15,054 citizens[1]. There are 117 industries in the county[2], with the median household earning an income of $34,962[1].  

Major employers include businesses in the sectors of state and local governments, nursing and residential care facilities, and motor vehicle parts manufacturing[2].

The land resources of Morgan County provide many economic benefits. The county's 510 agricultural farms produce cattle and calves, dairy and milk, and agronomic crops, among others[3]. An abundance of wooded acres are also present, providing community support to the county's forest industries. These businesses generate $9.58 million in industrial output and $655,000 in taxes[2].

Some of the many contributions Morgan County's forests and forest industries provide to the local economy are illustrated in this fact sheet using key figures and statistics. Figures 2–4, describing Morgan County's forest resources, were constructed using data from the 2011 forest survey database provided by the United States Forest Service's Forest Inventory and Analysis. Figures 5–8 explain the county's forest industries and were developed from data analyzed using IMPLAN®. Table 1 summarizes the IMPLAN® model for Morgan County's economy. (For more information regarding IMPLAN® and the economic impact analyses for Morgan County, please contact the first author in the School of Environment and Natural Resources.)  

Benefits of Woodland Management  A pie chart showing 57.7% of land is forestland, 37.8% is farmland and 4.5% is nonforested land.

  • Properly managing your woodland improves forest health, aesthetics, and wildlife habitat. It also provides soil stabilization, clean water, self-satisfaction, and a potential source of income. 
  •  Managing timber requires less long-term inputs compared to many other land uses.  
  • You are able to obtain cost share funds to establish your woodland, tax credits while managing your forest property, and preferable tax treatment at harvest.
  • Standing timber is a stable form of wealth, often comparable in performance to mutual fund investments.

How Can I Learn to Better Manage My Woodland?

  • Become actively involved in the stewardship of your property.A pie chart showing 95.6% of land is privately owned and 4.4% is state owned.
  • Join your local forestry association.
  • Search Ohio State University Extension's website Ohioline for further study of Forestry related topics,
  • Contact your local service forester to help you develop a management plan for your property.
  • Obtain soils information from your local Soil and Water Conservation District.
  • Enlist the assistance of a professional forester when planning a timber sale.
  • Consider hiring an Ohio Master Logging Company to conduct your harvesting operation.

For More Information, Please Consult the Following Sources  A pie chart showing how much of the forest is made up of hickory, hard maple, red oak, beech, yellow poplar, or another species.

School of Environment and Natural Resources
The Ohio State University
2021 Coffey Road
Columbus, OH 43210
Phone: (614) 688-3421
Ohio State University Extension, Morgan County 
155 East Main St., Suite 320; P.O. Box 179
McConnelsville, OH 43756
Phone: (740) 962-4854
Fax: (740) 962-6508
Ohio Division of Forestry
360 East State St.A bar graph showing that farmland production makes 20.7 million dollars and woodland makes 1.4 million dollars..
Athens, OH 45701
Phone: (740) 589-9909
Fax: (740) 589-9929
Morgan County Soil and Water Conservation District
167 South Kennebec Ave.
McConnelsville, OH 43756
Phone: (740) 962-4234
Fax: (740) 962-5651
Ohio Society of American Foresters
Ohio Forestry Association
Master Logging Company Program
Office: 746 Morrison Road, Columbus, OH 43230
Mail: 1100-H Brandywine Blvd.,A bar graph showing the revenue from labor income, value added, industrial output, and employment.
Zanesville, OH 43701
Phone: (614) 497-9580
Fax: (614) 497-9581
Call Before You Cut
Phone: (877) 424-8288
A bar graph showing the amount of forest jobs from different types of industries.A bar graph showing the amount of state and local taxes versus federal taxes Morgan county's forest industry pays.

Table 1. Direct industrial contributions within Morgan County’s economy, 2010[2]. The IMPLAN model’s 440 sectors were aggregated into 12 industries by each sector’s 2-digit North American Industry Classification System (NAICS) code number. A (----) indicates less than five employees or a value less than $500,000 to prevent potential disclosure of individual company information.

Industry NAICS Description Employment Labor Income Value Added Output
11 Agriculture, Forestry, Fishing, and Hunting 411 $4,693,479 $7,508,949 $23,130,105
     113 Forestry and Logging 14 (----) (----) $1,189,883
21 Mining 49 $3,240,761 $5,375,110 $7,198,844
22 Utilities 30 $1,814,652 $10,523,272 $12,481,078
23 Construction 366 $4,871,396 $8,342,981 $33,374,556
31–33 Manufacturing 441 $27,031,898 $50,832,290 $147,848,118
     321 Wood Products Manufacturing 19 $620,461 $733,682 $2,801,157
     322 Pulp and Paper Manufacturing (----) (----) (----) (----)
     337 Wood Furniture Manufacturing 32 $1,268,738 $2,289,139 $5,172,891
42 Wholesale Trade 114 $6,961,440 $13,043,478 $17,001,778
44–45 Retail Trade 465 $7,722,557 $13,175,598 $22,184,209
48–49 Transportation and Warehousing 238 $4,419,883 $6,503,222 $26,235,762
51–56 Professional Services 773 $16,477,487 $73,501,046 $119,352,871
61–72 Educational, Health, and Recreation Services 1,048 $17,652,010 $22,503,706 $48,430,031
81 Other Services 490 $5,073,164 $5,560,337 $21,334,562
92 Government & non-NAICS Industries 769 $32,066,867 $37,007,265 $45,735,396
     Forest Industries 67 $2,533,116 $3,657,725 $9,583,789
Total 5,194 $132,025,596 $253,877,254 $524,307,312

Terminology[5, 6]

Acre: A unit of land measure equal to 43,560 square feet (208.7 feet x 208.7 feet). One square mile equals 640 acres.

Direct Economic Impact: The effect generated by the industry of interest in an economic impact analysis. This is measured through employment, value-added, and industrial output produced to meet demand for the manufactured product(s).

Direct Federal Tax Impact: Taxes collected by the U.S. government. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Direct State and Local Tax Impact: Taxes paid to state, county, and municipal governments. These taxes are generated from labor income, indirect business taxes, households, and corporations associated with the industry of interest.

Employment: The total wage and salary and self-employed jobs in a geographical area.

Indirect Business Taxes: Sales and excise taxes paid by individuals to businesses through normal operations. They do not include taxes on corporate profits and dividends.

Industrial Output: The total value of production measured as the sum of value-added plus the cost of buying goods and services to produce the product(s).

Labor Income: Wages and benefits paid to employees plus proprietary income for self-employed work.

Sawtimber Volume: Net volume in board feet by the International 1/4-inch rule of sawlogs in sawtimber trees on timberland. Gross volume minus the deductions that affect use for lumber equals net volume.

Value-Added: The sum of labor income, interest, profits, and indirect business taxes.


[1] United States Census. 2010. United States census quick facts.

[2] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2012. 2010 Ohio state and national package database. MIG, Inc., Hudson, WI.

[3] United States Department of Agriculture National Agricultural Statistics Service. 2022 State Agriculture Overview, Ohio.

[4] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis. 2012. Northeast Forest Inventory and Analysis Methodology: Common definitions used by FIA.

[5] United States Forest Service Forest Inventory and Analysis. 2012. Morgan County 2011 forest survey database.

[6] Minnesota IMPLAN Group. 2004. IMPLAN Professional®: Users Guide, Analysis Guide, Data Guide. 3rd edition. MIG, Inc.

We thank Ted Wiseman, OSU Extension, Mike Strode, Farm Service Agency, Bill Serbonich, Ohio Division of Forestry (retired), and Bobby Ammerman and Billy Thomas, University of Kentucky, for their reviews of this fact sheet.

Originally posted Dec 3, 2012.