Foreign-trade zones (FTZs) are sites within the United States that are legally considered outside of United States Customs and Border Protection (CBP) territory for the purpose of duties. They were created by Congress in 1934, as a part of New Deal legislation, to expedite and encourage foreign commerce. Under the 1934 law, companies can apply to designate their domestic facilities as zones, wherever they are located (Hwang 2019). FTZs allow goods to be brought into the site duty-free and without formal customs entry (Atwood 2020). According to the U.S.
Sour rot of grape is a disorder causing the breakdown of ripening berries rendering them unsuitable for wine production. Sour rot is caused by insect-associated microbes that expedite berry decay following entry through a wound. Many disorders, including sour rot, result in disease-like symptoms that can cause yield losses or reduce crop quality.