Ohio State University Research Bulletin

Ohio Apple Production:

National Market Perspective


Appendix Tables

Appendix Table 1. Monthly Average Retail Value, Red Delicious Apples, Selected US. Pricing Points, Marketing Years 1980/81 to 1987/88.
(Dollars per 42-pound carton)
Season Oct.Nov. Dec. Jan. Feb. Mar. Apr. May June Season
Average
New York City
1980/8122.3019.8819.8820.6019.43 21.3321.3721.4521.2920.74
1981/8222.6223.3023.7925.1224.39 25.9724.1525.7627.9424.85
1982/8323.9522.0622.6621.6921.25 21.1322.1022.3423.2622.15
1983/8424.2723.3523.7924.3925.80 26.3726.4926.8927.9025.25
1984/8525.6426.3726.7727.3828.02 26.8926.8927.7829.1127.24
1985/8626.8527.2627.86  28.2228.71 28.1829.2730.8032.4328.69
1986/8727.9827.9427.6628.41130.15 30.3231.0131.6534.4729.75
1987/8828.1825.0424.3126.2928.75 27.4229.0327.6630.3227.42
Chicago
1980/8124.3121.2121.0121.5321.77 21.5321.2920.8922.3421.68
1981/8223.3923.2625.4425.6826.53 26.4526.7327.1429.8826.38
1982/8323.9920.2821.2922.8622.34 21.9323.8324.1924.6422.62
1983/8424.2724.3923.8724.2725.93 26.4126.8126.4527.4625.94
1984/8527.4227.1426.9327.3027.66 28.6328.9929.8830.0428.01
1985/8625.3625.6024.9225.8028.06 27.6627.9829.1533.7527.17
1986/8729.6826.3726.9727.52128.22 31.2531.4533.3436.1329.97
1987/8827.6624.6824.5526.4528.47 29.4729.0729.0730.6427.67
Los Angeles
1980/8121.8517.6618.9518.3918.59 19.8020.6420.6820.8519.62
1981/8222.0622.4226.2525.0826.13 24.2723.8326.1328.1824.92
1982/8320.8921.1322.2620.3221.17 19.3520.4822.6624.3121.28
1983/8419.7223.6320.4020.8121.41 23.4322.9023.1425.3622.27
1984/8523.5524.4722.9024.5526.05 25.8026.8127.6627.1825.35
1985/8624.3126.2527.3027.8628.34 28.7529.0331.3733.8328.55
1986/8726.6926.8125.7225.351 28.95129.0329.8431.4935.8429.00
1987/8822.8619.8821.0119.8023.30 23.7123.9923.7925.0822.66
Baltimore
1980/8123.7918.5521.3721.3721.37 23.7922.9818.0224.1921.93
1981/8216.6524.8025.8023.7924.19 25.8028.2224.1927.8225.54
1982/8326.2126.2122.1824.1924.19 27.8225.0025.0025.8025.16
1983/8428.2222.9825.8026.2126.21 27.8229.8427.8233.8727.49
1984/8522.9824.1931.8531.8526.21 28.2226.2126.2128.2227.57
1985/8620.5622.5822.5829.8429.84 33.8728.2235.8839.9229.76
1986/8732.2634.2735.8830.6438.30 33.4736.6938.7143.1436.38
1987/8829.8422.9824.6028.22 DISCONTINUED (25.92)

1Estimated by the authors from average prices for other months in the series, including percentage changes from previous and/or subsequent months.

Source: For 1980-1984, Pearrow, Joan, "Fresh Fruit and Vegetables: Prices and Spreads in Selected Markets, 1975-84." SB No. 752, National Economics Division, ERS, USDA, June 1987 For 1984-1988, "Fresh Fruit Prices and Marketing Spreads." ERS Electronic Data Series 88002, ERS, USDA, March 1990.






Appendix Table 2: Monthly Average FOB Prices Red Delicious Apples, Selected Production Regions, US., 7-Month Seasons1 1983-84 to 1988-89.
Region
Year
Oct.Nov. Dec.Jan.2 Feb. March April
Yakima Valley-Tray Pack 88-1133
1983-8410.5610.4310.4810.5012.50 12.5012.64
1984-8514.0012.9811.8912.2014.93 15.6816.39
1985-8614.4012.1712.3313.6015.20 14.8515.63
1986-8713.8011.8811.509.8314.00 14.5015.35
1987-887.937.857.277.7510.50 11.0811.15
1988-8913.8312.1512.6312.0813.45 12.3211.00
MD, PA, VA, WV-Tray Pack 88-1133
1983-849.589.119.179.009.92 10.4210.33
1984-8511.199.359.249.2011.07 10.1810.09
1985-8610.389.519.889.5812.19 11.2110.50
1986-8711.1810.739.9010.0011.75 11.2511.25
1987-889.696.877.06*8.008.00 7.757.50
1988-898.638.128.007.458.56 8.137.38
Hudson Valley, NY-Film Bags 21/4" min.3
1983-847.276.506.196.257.18 7.976.99
1984-857.216.966.977.087.39 7.257.35
1985-867.687.027.177.257.66 7.697.85
1986-879.509.5010.0510.3810.31 10.3110.50
1987-888.477.867.367.508.06 8.508.13
1988-899.008.638.508.508.25 8.067.66
Central/Western NY-Film Bags 21/4" min.3
1983-847.687.367.29*7.947.84 7.72(7.82)4
1984-857.257.396.757.177.75 7.757.75
1985-867.557.256.886.888.25 8.128.45
1986-8710.9010.139.729.5011.00 11.0011.89
1987-888.338.258.03(8.18)4 8.759.009.50
1988-8910.259.289.379.138.50 10.008.88
Michigan-Film Bags 21/4" min.3
1983-847.507.276.75*7.507.33 7.067.11
1984-857.366.996.87*7.357.42 7.507.47
1985-865.965.876.186.258.00 8.358.77
1986-878.638.608.35*10.5010.69 11.2511.85
1987-885.306.256.30*7.027.25 7.057.75
1988-899.188.237.688.018.25 8.087.76
1Some production seasons are longer than seven months, but only October-through-April prices are quoted for all five of these regions.

2Quoted prices may be fresh or CA storage, sometimes both. January prices used here are those that best fit the 7-month price trend shown for each year and region. Prices have been marked with an (*) if they are CA quotes. All October-December prices are fresh; February-April prices are CA.

3Tray packs are 42-lb. bushels. Film bag prices are for twelve 3-lb. bags. These are the only units priced for the entire period in their respective production regions.

4Prices in parentheses are estimated.

Source: "Fresh Fruit and Vegetable Prices, (year): Wholesale Chicago and New York City, FOB Leading Shipping Points," Market News Branch, Fruit and Vegetable Division, AMS, USDA.






Appendix Table 3: Retail Price Levels, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average Price Levels at New York City and at Selected Pricing Points by Marketing Years, 1980/81--1986/87.
(correlation coefficients)
Pricing Point New York City Chicago Los Angeles Baltimore
1980-1981
New York City1.000------
Chicago.5541.000 -- --
Los Angeles.892.5841.000 --
Baltimore.443.581.5061.000
1981-1982
New York City1.000 -- -- --
Chicago.9041.000----
Los Angeles.764.8541.000 --
Baltimore.563.645.5341.000
1982-1983
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.4731.000 ----
Los Angeles.542.3881.000 --
Baltimore-.038.104-.3051.000
1983-1984
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.9661.000 ----
Los Angeles.653.7571.000 --
Baltimore.818.741.4511.000
1984-1985
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.6351.000 ----
Los Angeles.689.9031.000 --
Baltimore.342-.110-.1741.000
1985-1986
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.9401.000 ----
Los Angeles.974.9161.000 --
Baltimore.877.873.9301.000
1986-1987
New York City 1.000 ------
Chicago .924 1.000 ----
Los Angeles .979 .924 1.000 --
Baltimore .827 .686 .8741.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 1.






Appendix Table 4: First Differences in Retail Prices, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average Retail Price Changes at New York City and at Selected Pricing Points, by Marketing Years, 1980/81-1986/87.
(correlation coefficients)
Pricing Point New York City Chicago Los Angeles Baltimore
1980-1981
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.5721.000 ----
Los Angeles.748.7471.000 --
Baltimore.464.747.6041.000
1981-1982
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.2341.000----
Los Angeles.098.7321.000 --
Baltimore-.139.028-.0101.000
1982-1983
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.7211.000 ----
Los Angeles.507.0481.000 --
Baltimore-.403-.245-.6381.000
1983-1984
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.5921.000 ----
Los Angeles-.301.3791.000 --
Baltimore.636.256-.3661.000
1984-1985
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago-.4561.000 ----
Los Angeles.146.2381.000 --
Baltimore-.078-.347-.8551.000
1985-1986
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.6071.000 ----
Los Angeles.643.4871.000 --
Baltimore-.002-.205.4611.000
1986-1987
New York City 1.000 ------
Chicago .431 1.000 ----
Los Angeles .925 .356 1.000 --
Baltimore .485 -.161 .6791.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 1.






Appendix Table 5: First Differences in Retail Prices, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average Retail Price Changes at New York City and at Selected Pricing Points, by Months, Marketing Years 1980-1988.
(correlation coefficients)
Pricing Point New York City Chicago Los Angeles Baltimore
November 1980-1988
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.692 1.000 ----
Los Angeles.641 .6831.000 --
Baltimore.813 .355.3341.000
December 1980-1988
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.1511.000 ----
Los Angeles.018.620 1.000 --
Baltimore-.165-.376 -.4511.000
January 1980-1988
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago-.055 1.000----
Los Angeles.069 -.5541.000 --
Baltimore-.118 .526-.7401.000
February 1980-1987
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.4481.000 ----
Los Angeles.605-.1521.000 --
Baltimore.349.093-.6191.000
March 1980-1987
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago-.2151.000 ----
Los Angeles.093.1511.000 --
Baltimore-.065-.941-.0961.000
April 1980-1987
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.350 1.000 ----
Los Angeles.756 .3111.000 --
Baltimore-.421 -.301-.3241.000
May 1980-1987
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.4261.000 ----
Los Angeles.624.4471.000 --
Baltimore.415.721.4541.000
June 1980-1987
New York City1.000 ------
Chicago.445 1.000----
Los Angeles.721 .5691.000--
Baltimore-.185 .284.1801.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 1.






Appendix Table 6: FOB Price Levels, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average FOB Prices in the Yakima Valley, Washington, and at Selected Other US. Production Areas, Individual Marketing Years, 1983/1984-1988/89.
(correlation coefficients)
Producing Area Yakima
Valley
MD, PA
VA, WV
Hudson Valley Central
Western
New York
Michigan
1983-1984
Yakima Valley1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV.9261.000------
Hudson Valley.691.8481.000 ----
Central/Western NY.506.412.3551.000 --
Michigan-.167-.181.083.5931.000
1984-1985
Yakima Valley1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV.5961.000------
Hudson Valley.865.7701.000 ----
Central/Western NY.895.510.7951.000--
Michigan.770.598.862.7691.000
1985-1986
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.7321.000------
Hudson Valley.961.6961.000 ----
Central/Western NY.875.775.8611.000--
Michigan.824.700.769.8941.000
1986-1987
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.8561.000------
Hudson Valley.172.0691.000 ----
Central/Western NY.969.845.2461.000--
Michigan.493.459.846.5951.000
1987-1988
Yakima Valley1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV -.0411.000------
Hudson Valley.609 .5481.000----
Central/Western NY .941-.034.5841.000--
Michigan.722 -.464-.072.696 1.000
1988-1989
Yakima Valiey1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.9021.000------
Hudson Valley.709.5481.000 ----
Central/Western NY.320.327.4811.000--
Michigan.730.705.685.5501.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 2.






Appendix Table 7: First Differences in FOB Prices, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average FOB Price Changes in the Yakima Valley, Washington, and at Selected Other US. Production Areas, Individual Marketing Years, 1983/84-1988/89.
(correlation coefficients)
Producing Area Yakima
Valley
MD, PA
VA, WV
Hudson
Valley
Central
Western
New York
Michigan
1983-1984
Yakima Valley 1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV .7951.000------
Hudson Valley .591.8581.000----
Central/Western NY -.134-.170.0211.000--
Michigan -.010-.270-.032.8991.000
1984-1985
Yakima Valley 1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV .7891.000------
Hudson Valley .741.9671.000----
Central/Western NY .693.374.4101.000--
Michigan .428.442.536.4341.000
1985-1986
Yakima Valley 1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV .5881.000------
Hudson Valley .928.6211.000----
Central/Western NY .649.812.6221.000--
Michigan .607.905.697.9331.000
1986-1987
Yakima Valley1.000 -------
MD, PA, VA, WV.7901.000------
Hudson Valley -.433-.5081.000----
Central/Western NY .920.832-.3891.000 --
Michigan -.283.115.133-.016 1.000
1987-1988
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.2121.000------
Hudson Valley .806.5011.000----
Central/Western NY .732.283.6251.000 --
Michigan -.195-.426-.517-.037 1.000
1988-1989
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.8801.000------
Hudson Valley.370.0581.000----
Central/Western NY.014-.054.5021.000--
Michigan.501.399.567.1821.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 2.






Appendix Table 8: First Differences in FOB Prices, Red Delicious Apples: Correlation Between Monthly Average FOB Price Changes in the Yakima Valley, Washington, and at Selected Other U.S. Production Areas, By Months, Marketing Years 1983-1989.
(correlation coefficients)
Producing Area Yakima
Valley
MD, PA
VA, WV
Hudson
Valley
Central
Western
New York
Michigan
November, 1983-1988
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV-.5301.000 ------
Hudson Valley-.474.1561.000 ----
Central/Western NY-.508-.715 -.335 1.000 --
Michigan-.470-.716-.243 .4961.000
December, 1983-1988
Yakima Valley 1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV.1951.000 ------
Hudson Valley-.034-.6761.000 ----
Central/Western NY.803.182-.479 1.000--
Michigan-.304.435.121 .5801.000
January, 1984-1989
Yakima Valley 1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV .0741.000------
Hudson Valley-.581 .4421.000----
Central/Western NY.411 .138-.286 1.000--
Michigan-.837 .297.902 -.2501.000
February, 1984-1989
Yakima Valley 1.000--------
MD, PA, VA, WV -.0411.000------
Hudson Valley -.154-.2571.000----
Central/Western NY.599 .528-.009 1.000--
Michigan-.349 .633-.062 -.5141.000
March, 1984-1989
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV-.0451.000------
Hudson Valley.221.8431.000 ----
Central/Western NY-.714-.002-.4221.000--
Michigan.229-.624-.505-.3851.000
April, 1984-1989
Yakima Valley1.000 --------
MD, PA, VA, WV.538 1.000------
Hudson Valley.528 -.068 1.000----
Central/Western NY.858 .611 .3441.000--
Michigan.615 .321.335 .8951.000

Source: Measurements derived from data in Appendix Table 2.



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