Ohio State University Extension

Ohio State University Extension
Department of Horticulture and Crop Science
2021 Coffey Road, Columbus, Ohio 43210-1044


Alfalfa Variety Characteristics*

AGF-014-92

This leaflet includes a listing of over 150 alfalfa varieties adapted to Ohio growing conditions. The listing is adapted from a leaflet published by the Certified Alfalfa Seed Council which identifies the disease and growth (fall dormancy) characteristics. All of the varieties are eligible for certification by seed- certifying agencies and are currently available for purchase in the United States. Varieties designated only by a number are listed first, the remainder are listed alphabetically. The format is designed to facilitate comparisons between varieties. Blank spaces indicate that a variety is susceptible or has not been adequately tested.

Less than 10 percent of the available certified alfalfa varieties are "public varieties" which are sold by many different marketers. The remainder are "proprietary varieties" which are sold only by specific marketers. A listing of names and addresses for marketing information of these varieties is included.

The abbreviations for the column headings are:

Disease resistance ratings are based upon the percent of plants within a variety expressing resistance to the disease indicated.

% Resistant plants Resistance class
0-5% Susceptible (S)
6-14% Low Resistance (LR)
15-30% Moderate Resistance (MR)
31-50% Resistance (R)
>50% High Resistance (HR)

ALFALFA VARIETY CHARACTERISTICS

Variety Marketer FD Bw Vw Fw An PRR RKN
88 L.L. Olds 4 R R R R MR --
98 L.L. Olds 3 HR R R HR R --
120 DeKalb 3 HR -- R LR R --
526 Pioneer 2 HR -- MR -- LR --
555 Pioneer 4 HR -- MR -- -- --
624 Garst 4 R LR R MR MR --
629 Garst 3 R MR R MR MR --
630 Garst 4 HR MR R MR R --
633 Germain's 4 HR R R HR HR --
2833 CIBA-GEIGY Seeds 3 HR R HR HR HR --
2980 L.L. Olds 3 HR R R R HR --
5262 Pioneer 2 HR LR MR -- R --
5311 Pioneer 3 HR MR HR -- R --
5331 Pioneer 4 HR LR HR HR R --
5333 Pioneer 4 HR MR HR HR R --
5364 Pioneer 4 R MR R MR MR --
5373 Pioneer 4 HR R HR HR MR --
5432 Pioneer 4 HR R HR -- MR --
5472 Pioneer 4 HR MR HR MR MR --
A-54 Embro Seed 2 MR -- -- -- LR --
Action Research Seeds 4 R MR R HR R --
AF 21 Asgrow 4 HR R R HR R --
AF 31 Asgrow 4 HR R HR HR HR --
Aggressor ABI 4 HR R HR HR HR --
AgriBoss Cropmate 3 HR MR HR HR HR --
Agri-MATE Cropmate 4 R R HR R R --
Agate Public 2 HR -- HR MR R --
Alfagraze ABI 2 MR -- R MR LR --
Allegiance Keltgen/Lynks 3 R R R HR R --
Allstar Hytest Seed 4 HR R HR HR HR MR
Alpine Oasis/Bio-Plant Res. 2 R R R R R --
Anstar FFR 4 R -- MR R -- --
Apollo ABI 4 R -- R LR R --
Apollo II ABI 4 R MR R MR HR --
Apollo Supreme ABI 4 HR R HR HR R --
Arc Public 4 LR -- MR HR -- LR
Archer ABI 5 MR MR HR R R --
Arrow ABI 3 HR R HR MR HR --
Asset Allied Seed 4 HR R R R HR --
Baker Public 2 HR -- R LR -- --
Belmont Great Plains 5 HR R R HR R --
Big 10 Great Lakes 3 HR -- HR R R --
Blazer Cenex/Land O'Lakes 3 HR LR R LR MR --
Blazer XL Cenex/Land O'Lakes 3 R R HR HR HR --
Break-thru Custom Farm Seed 3 HR R HR MR HR --
Bronco Jung 3 HR R HR HR HR --
Centurion Agway/Allied 3 HR R R R R --
RKNChamp Research Seeds 3 R MR HR -- MR --
Chief Jacques 4 HR R R R HR MR
Cimarron Great Plains 4 HR LR HR R MR --
Cimarron VR Great Plains 4 HR R HR HR R --
Clipper Payco 2 HR R HR R R --
Columbo Plant Genetics 3 R HR HR R R MR
Comet Moews 3 HR R R MR R --
Commandor Northrup King 4 R MR R HR R --
Crockett Northrup King 5 HR -- MR HR R --
Crown Cargill 3 R R R HR R --
Crown II Cargill 3 HR R HR HR HR --
Crystal Mike Brayton Seeds 4 HR R HR R HR --
Cutter Payco 4 R R HR R HR --
Dart AgriPro 3 HR R HR R HR --
Deseret Public 5 MR -- -- -- -- --
DK 122 DeKalb 2 HR R R HR HR --
DK 125 DeKalb 3 HR R R HR R --
DK 135 DeKalb 4 R MR R MR MR --
Drummor Northrup King 4 R -- MR MR R --
Duke AgriPro 4 R -- R MR HR --
Dyna-II Stine 3 R HR HR R R --
Dynasty Dairyland 4 HR R R MR R --
Eagle Asgrow 4 HR MR R R MR --
Echo Callahan/ProfiSeed 4 R R R MR R --
Edge Research Seeds 4 R R R HR R --
Elevation Jacques 3 R MR R -- MR --
Emerald Plains 4 R MR R MR R --
EMPRESS Blaney/Casterline 4 HR R HR R HR MR
Endure Cargill 3 R R R MR R --
Envy Peterson Seed 3 HR R HR HR R --
Epic Mike Peterson 4 R -- MR -- R --
Excalibur Agway/Allied 4 R R HR MR LR --
Flint Plant Genetics 4 R LR HR HR R --
Fortress Northrup King 4 R R R R HR --
G-2841 CIBA-GEIGY Seeds 3 HR R R R R --
G-2852 CIBA-GEIGY/Hoffman 4 HR R R HR R --
GH715 Golden Harvest 3 R LR R MR MR --
GH737 Golden Harvest 4 R R R MR HR MR
GH 747 Golden Harvest 4 HR MR R HR HR --
Garst 636 Garst 2 HR R R MR R --
Garst 645 Garst 3 HR R R HR HR --
Good as Gold Johnston 4 HR R HR R HR --
Gourmet Hay Gutwein 4 HR R HR HR R MR
Haymark FFR 3 R -- HR HR R --
Hi-phy FFR 4 HR -- HR -- MR --
Husky Plant Genetics 3 R -- R MR MR --
Impact Peterson Seed 3 HR R HR MR R --
Jade NC+ Hybrids 4 HR R R R HR --
Kingstar King Grain/Dahlgren 3 R R HR MR R MR
Legacy Genesis 4 HR R HR R HR --
Legend Cenex/Land O'Lakes 4 HR R HR HR HR --
RKNMagnum Dairyland 4 R -- R MR LR --
Magnum+ Dairyland 4 R LR R MR R --
Magnum III Dairyland 4 R MR R MR R --
Majestic Agway 3 R HR HR HR MR --
Mede Union Seed 5 MR MR HR R R --
Mercury Moews 3 R -- HR MR HR --
Milkmaker Plant Genetics 3 R -- HR MR MR --
Mohawk N.Y.S.I.C. 2 HR -- MR HR -- --
MultiKing I Northrup King 3 HR R HR R R --
Multi-plier Jacques 3 HR R HR HR HR --
New Era 90 Voris/Didion 4 HR R HR HR HR R
Oneida N.Y.S.I.C. 2 HR -- R -- HR --
Oneida VR N.Y.S.I.C. 3 R HR HR MR MR --
Patriot McCurdy 4 R R R R R --
Peak Research Seeds 4 R LR R -- MR --
Perry Public 3 R -- R LR MR --
Precedent Doeblers/Wyffels 4 HR R R R HR --
Premier Wyffels/Dahlgren 4 HR R HR HR HR MR
Pro-Cut L. Herried 4 HR R HR R HR MR
Pro-Cut 2 L. Herried 4 HR R R R HR --
Profit Peterson-Biddick 2 HR R HR MR R --
Promise Garst/Hoffman 4 HR R HR HR HR MR
Quest Renk 4 HR R HR R HR MR
RamRod Bio-Plant Research 4 R R R MR R --
Riley Public 4 HR LR -- MR -- --
Recovery Plant Genetics 4 R R R R R --
Recovery III Stine 4 HR R HR HR HR --
Resistar FFR 4 R HR HR R HR --
Renegade Geertson 3 R LR MR S R --
Royalty Cargill 3 HR R HR HR HR MR
Salute Keltgen/Lynks 4 HR MR R MR R --
Saranac N.Y.S.I.C. 4 R -- -- -- -- --
Saranac AR N.Y.S.I.C. 4 MR -- R HR -- --
Shenandoah Great Plains 5 HR -- HR HR HR --
Shield Great Lakes 3 HR R R HR R --
Sparta Cenex/Land O'Lakes 3 R R MR -- MR --
Spredor 2 Northrup King 1 HR -- MR -- -- --
Starmaster Doeblers 3 R R R MR R --
Sure Cenex/Land O'Lakes 3 HR R HR HR R --
Surpass Cenex/Land O'Lakes 3 HR R HR MR R --
Target Bio-Plant Research 4 HR MR R MR HR --
Target II Bio-Plant Research 4 HR R R R R --
Terminator LaCrosse 4 HR R HR R R --
Thrive Great Lakes 3 HR R HR HR HR --
Tomahawk Jung 4 R MR R HR MR --
Top Ton Garst 4 HR R HR HR R --
Trident Cargill 4 R -- HR MR HR --
Trident II Cargill 3 HR R R R HR --
Ultra Seedtec/AgriPro 3 HR R HR HR R --
Ultimate Terra Int. 4 HR R R HR R --
Vector Peterson Seed 4 R MR HR R R --
Vernal Public 2 R -- MR -- -- MR
Vernema Public 4 MR MR -- LR LR --
Verta+ NC+ Hybrids 4 HR R R HR R --
Victory Hytest 3 HR R HR HR MR --
VIP Research Seeds 3 HR R R R R --
Voyager Bio-Plant Research 4 HR MR R MR R --
WAMPR FFR 4 R R R R R --
WL225 W-L Research 2 HR R HR MR HR MR
WL316 W-L Research 4 MR R R HR MR MR
WL317 W-L Research 3 HR R HR R HR MR
WL320 W-L Research 4 R MR HR MR R MR
WL322 HQ W-L Research 4 HR R HR MR R LR
Washoe Public 5 R -- -- LR R --
Webfoot Great Lakes 3 R -- MR S R --
Wrangler Public 2 R LR R LR HR --
Zenith Garst 3 HR R R HR HR -

FALL DORMANCY (FD) Alfalfa varieties with fall dormancy ratings of 1 through 5 are considered adequately winter hardy for Ohio conditions while those of 6 or higher are not considered adapted. Varieties with higher fall dormancy ratings tend to grow at a lower temperature. Thus they begin to grow earlier in the spring and later into the fall, extending the growing season. Until recently it was generally felt that fall dormancy rating was very closely correlated with winter hardiness. This relationship with modern varieties seems less dependable. For example, a variety with a "2" dormancy rating may not always have greater cold tolerance compared to one with "3" fall dormancy rating.

DISEASE RESISTANCE Unlike varieties of many other crops, an alfalfa variety consists of plants with many different genetic characteristics. Thus the term "moderate resistance" means that 15 to 30% of the plants in the field will be resistant to that particular disease. This means that the remaining 70 to 85% of the plants will be susceptible. Consequently, it is not unusual to see moderate damage from some diseases even on a "resistant" variety.

BACTERIAL WILT (Bw) and FUSARIUM WILT (Fw) Nearly all alfalfa varieties currently grown in Ohio have resistance to Bacterial Wilt and Fusarium Wilt. The widespread use of these varieties has greatly diminished the significance of these diseases. However, severe losses can still be incurred in stands of susceptible varieties.

ANTHRACNOSE (An) Anthracnose occurs during hot, rainy weather. The fungus attacks individual stems and grows into the crown, causing a crown rot and eventual death of the plant. Severe stand losses may occur the second and third year after seeding.

PHYTOPHTHORA ROOT ROT (PRR) This disease typically occurs in heavy or poorly drained soils. However, when any soil becomes water saturated, the fungus may invade the taproot and destroy the plant. Even resistant varieties are fairly susceptible to Phytophthora in the seedling stage.

VERTICILLIUM WILT (Vw) First detected in Ohio in 1984, this disease still has a limited distribution within the state, having been confirmed on 16 farms in 9 Ohio counties. It has been found in Franklin, Medina, Stark, Wayne, Knox, Ashland, Holmes, Columbiana and Logan Counties as of September, 1991. Verticillium Wilt is usually introduced into a field on infested seed and generally does not become a problem until the third production year. Scattered plants become yellow and stunted and gradually die, leaving a thin, unproductive stand.

ROOT KNOT NEMATODE (RKN) Damage from root knot nematode is most likely to occur on sandy or organic (muck) soils. Small galls or 'knots' form on roots. These may be confused with nitrogen-fixing Rhizobium nodules.

ADDRESSES OF MARKETERS
ABI
P.O. Box 2955
Shawnee Mission, KS 66201
AgriPro Seeds
P.O. Box 2955
Shawnee Mission, KS 66201
Agway, Inc.
P.O. Box 4741
Syracuse, NY 13221-4741
Allied Seed Co-op
1917 E. Fargo Ave.
Nampa, ID 83651
Asgrow Seed Co.
7000 Portage Rd.
Kalamazoo, MI 49001
Bio-Plant Research, Ltd.
P.O. Box 300
Camp Point, IL 62320
Mike Brayton Seeds
P.O. Box 308
Ames, IA 50010
Callahan Enterprises Inc
1122 East 169th Street
Westfield, IN 46074
Cargill Hybrid Seeds
P.O. Box 5645
Minneapolis, MN 55440
Casterline Seeds
P.O. Box 1377
Dodge City, KS 67801
Cenex/Land O'Lakes Inc.
2827 8th Ave. S.
Fort Dodge, IA 50501
CIBA-GEIGY Seed Division
P.O. Box 18300
Greensboro, NC 27419-8300
Cropmate
P.O. Box 978
North Pekin, IL 61555
Custom Farm Seed
P.O. Box 160
Momence, IL 60954
Dahlgren Company, Inc.
1220 Sunflower Street
Crookston, MN 56716
Dairyland Seed Co. Inc.
P.O. Box 958
West Bend, WI 53095
DeKalb Plant Genetics
3100 Sycamore Road
DeKalb, IL 60115
Didion, Inc.
210 Grell Lane
Johnson Creek, WI 53038
Doeblers Seed
RFD #1
Jersey Shore, PA 17740
Embro Seed Co., Inc.
P.O. Box 247
Wright City, MO 63390
FFR Cooperative
4112 E. State Road 225
W. Lafayette, IN 47906
Garst Seed Co.
P.O. Box 300
Coon Rapids, IA 50058
Geertson Seed Farms
Route 2, Box 129
Adrian, OR 97901
The Genesis Group
19 W. South Temple
Salt Lake City, UT 84111
Germain's Seeds
P.O. Box 12447
Fresno, CA 93777
Golden Harvest Seeds, Inc.
513 E. Locust
Bloomington, IL 61701
Great Lakes Hybrids Inc.
P.O. Box 637
Ovid, MI 48866
Great Plains Research Co.Inc.
3624 Kildaire Farm Rd.
Apex, NC 27502
Fred Gutwein & Sons, Inc.
Route 1, Box 40
Francesville, IN 47946
L. Herried Seed
P.O. Box 216
Prescott, WI 54021-0216
Hytest Seeds, Inc.
P.O. Box 366
Buffalo, NY 14240
Jacques Seed Co.
720 St. Croix Street
Prescott, WI 54021
Johnston Seed Co.
Box 1392
Enid, OK 73702
Jung Farms Inc.
335 S. High St.
Randolph, WI 53957
Keltgen Seed Co.
Box A
Olivia,MN 56277
King Grain, Inc.
P.O. Box 69
Blissfield, MI 49228
LaCrosse Seed Corp.
P.O. Box 187
LaCrosse, WI 54601
Lynks Seed
Box 637
Marshalltown, IA 50158
McCurdy Seed
532 East Main
Fremont, IA 52561
NC+ Hybrids
3820 N. 56th Street
Lincoln, NE 68504
Moews Seed Co.
Box 214
Granville, IL 61326
Northrup King Co.
7500 Olson Memorial Hwy.
Golden Valley, MN 55427
New York Seed
Improvement Co-op
249 Emerson Hall
Cornell University
Ithaca, NY 14853
L.L. Olds Seed Co.
P.O. Box 7790
Madison, WI 53707
Oasis Seeds
P.O. Box 107
Oasis, UT 84650
Payco Seeds
P.O. Box 70
Dassel, MN 55325
Peterson-Biddick
P.O. Box 190
Wadena, MN 56482
Peterson Seed Co.
P.O. Box 346
Savage, MN 55378
Pioneer Hi-Bred Int'l, Inc.
P.O. Box 287
Johnston, IA 50131
Plant Genetics, Inc.
1918 So. Middleton Rd.
Nampa, ID 83686
Renk Seed
6800 Wilburn Rd.
Sun Prairie, WI 53590-9630
Research Seeds, Inc.
P.O. Box 1393
St. Joseph, MO 64502
Seedtec International
P.O. Box 2210
Woodland, CA 95695
Stine Seeds, Inc.
2225 Laredo Trail
Adel, IA 50003
Terra International, Inc.
600 Fourth Street
Sioux City, IA 51101
Union Seed Company
P.O. Box 339
Nampa, ID 83653-0339
Voris Seeds Inc.
P.O. Box 457
Windfall, IN 46076
W-L Research, Inc.
2000 Oak Street
Bakersfield, CA 93301
Wyffels Hybrids
P.O. Box 246
Atkinson, IL 61235-0246
 

Prepared by:
Landon H. Rhodes
Extension Plant Pathologist

John F. Underwood
District Agronomy Specialist

Paul R. Henderlong
Forage Agronomist


All educational programs conducted by Ohio State University Extension are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, creed, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, gender, age, disability or Vietnam-era veteran status.

Keith L. Smith, Associate Vice President for Ag. Adm. and Director, OSU Extension.

TDD No. 800-589-8292 (Ohio only) or 614-292-6181



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