Thomas L. Bean
Fact: Injuries are the leading cause of childhood death in the United
Fact: Farm machinery causes 85 percent of all machinery-related deaths to children.
Fact: The main sources of childhood farm-related injuries and deaths can be prevented.
Fact: Nearly all childhood farm-related injuries and deaths can be prevented.
The farm is a dangerous place for children because they live where work is performed. It is difficult for children to separate their play from farm hazards. To a child, a grain bin is a fascinating and adventurous place. However, many of these adventures have tragic endings.
Children on their own cannot recognize farm
hazards. They must be taught how to recognize farm dangers and how to
avoid them. The following are dangers that should be discussed with
For additional information on the above topics, contact your county
office of Ohio State University Extension.
Young children learn primarily by touch and sight. Many times these two senses put a child into a dangerous situation. For example, fascination with a quickly moving PTO can result in disaster. However, these senses can also be used to teach children about farm hazards. For example, bright safety emblems can be used as flash cards to teach children farm hazards. Models of farm equipment can also be used to demonstrate and prevent possible accidents.
(For further child development information see fact sheet AEX 991.1, What Job is Right for my Child?)
Parents and grandparents should use
precautionary safety measures to prevent accidents. They can set and
enforce safe limits and be good role models for children by promoting
farm safety. The following are key steps to farm safety:
Farm-related injuries occur while children are both at play and at work. The majority of children over the age of seven are participating in farm labor when injured. Children perform a lot of duties on farms and are a valuable resource, but children working on farms have a high rate of injury. Proper safety training can minimize the risk of injury to your child.
FIRST: GO TO THE NEAREST TELEPHONE
SECOND: DIAL THE EMERGENCY NUMBER
THIRD: WHEN SOMEONE ANSWERS, THEY WILL NEED TO KNOW:
FOURTH: DON'T HANG UP UNTIL YOU ASK IF YOU SHOULD!
How children are injured. (Source: Carolyn S. Kern)
Tevis and Finck. We Kill Too Many Farm Kids. Successful Farming. 1989.
Meath, Michael. Farm Safety, What are the Real Losses in Agricultural Accidents. Agway Cooperator. March 1991.
How Children Are Injured. Source: Carolyn S. Kern.
Supported in part by project #MCH394001-02-1 from the Emergency Medical Services for Children program, Health Resources and Service Administration Department of Health and Human Services.
Reviewed by Dr. Randall Wood, Dr. Sue Nokes and Mr. Ron Clason, Department of Agricultural Engineering. Funded in whole or in part from Grant Number U05/CCU506070-03, "Cooperative Agreement Program for Agricultural Health Promotion Systems, National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health."
All educational programs conducted by Ohio State University Extension are available to clientele on a nondiscriminatory basis without regard to race, color, creed, religion, sexual orientation, national origin, gender, age, disability or Vietnam-era veteran status.
Keith L. Smith, Associate Vice President for Ag. Adm. and Director, OSU Extension.
TDD No. 800-589-8292 (Ohio only) or 614-292-1868